Electrons are placed in orbits.
First shell contains maximum 2 electrons. Second shell and so and so for hasmaximum of 8 electrons.
To write electronic configuration we write as n.n.n.... where first n denotes thefirst shell, second the second shell and so and so for.
E.g. Sulfur has electronic configuration of 2.8.6The valence electrons is the number of electrons of the outermost shell.
Sulphur has 6 valence electrons.
Relation with Periodic Table
Elements in same horizontal row:
Elements in same vertical column:
Group 1 has 1 valency
Group 2 has 2 valency
Group 3 has 3 valency and so on.
Group 0 has full valency which makes it having stable electronicconfiguration.Down the group the number of shells increases.
Structure of Matter
Smallest particle of an element
: group of two or more atoms chemically joined together, e.g. chlorinemolecule has 2 chlorine atoms
Element is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical nor physical methods.