means the rooms or spaces filled with air within the bones of the skullthose which we refer to as
. Paranasal sinuses actually is not a correctscientific term because when we look to its meaning
“para means around”.
The correctscientific name is
because those are spaces filled with air but since most of them are located around the nasal area and opening into the nose, they refer to them as
. The only exception is one of them which is
that is located around the ear and it opens into the middle ear (the mastoid air cells). If you put your finger and palpate behind the auricle of the ear, you will feel the bony prominence
mastoid process of temporal bone” if you fracture it from inside
itopens usually into the middle ear .So these are air sinuses, all of them are paranasal except one which is para acoustic.
In general they started to use the term paranasal to describe them all including themastoid air cells. The word itself comes from that these sinuses are around the nose and they open there
, so their definition is they are air containing spaces within the skull bones “ moreaccurate” or within the cranial bones
. They are lined with the same epithelium lining therespiratoy system which is
Psudostratified columnar epithelium.
The function of these air sinuses:
Until now there’s no 100% sure function for these sinuses
To reduce the skull weight:
the most speculated “ expected “ func
tion)the skull is based on the vertebral column and the vertebral column has intervertebraldisks , so to reduce the pressure on the vertebral column we empty the skull bonesfrom inside and fill them with air.