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The Lower Paleozoic Section of Southeastern PA 1922 OCR

The Lower Paleozoic Section of Southeastern PA 1922 OCR

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Published by: KAW on Feb 24, 2013
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07/10/2013

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Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.
Washington [etc.,Washington Academy of Sciences]http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/2087 
v. 12 (1922):
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/27999 Page(s): Page 358, Page 359, Page 360, Page 361, Page 362, Page 363, Page 364, Page 365,Page 366Contributed by: MBLWHOI LibrarySponsored by: MBLWHOI Library 
 
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360
JOURNALOF
THE
WAS
HI
NGTON ACADEMY
OF
SC
IENCESVOL.
1
2,
NO.
15
H e l J a m
~
Welsh Chickies
1ltn
.
Hill
s
Antietam
quartzite
2oo±
150
±
Harpers
IOoo±
1500±
=
phyllite
.-
"
"
0
.-
S
"
"
~
Chicki
es
U
=
"
0
quartzite
IOoo
550
"
"
~
c
0
..,
-
"
'"
Hellam
conglomerate
(600)
{I
50)
member
Unconformity
Pre-Cambrian
Vitreousand granularimpure quartz
-
itc,theupperpartofwhich contain
s
Obole/la
andtrilo
bite
fr
agments. Greenishgray
phyllite
or
biotit
e
schist.
Ma
ssi
ve·
bedded,
Scolitlms-bearing
li
ght
-
co
lored vitreousQuartzite
Quartzite
wit
hclear
ralOY
quart
grains, andsome white clay beds
i
z
n
upper
part.
Quartz
co
nglomerate, grainyquartz
-
itewith
rounded clear
and
blu
quartz
.
grams,
and
slate
e
e
hlorit
schist
at
base inH
el
lam Hill
s.
Greenstoneand aporhyoliteinHella
m
m
ills;gnei
ss
and
granitic
r
oc
ks
Welsh
Mountain
and
Barren
Hills
Most
of
th
eLower
Cambrian
a
rena
ceo
us
seriesis wellexposed
in
tb
egorge of
th
e S
usquehanna
Riv
er
through
the
Hellam-ChickiesHills.
The
quartzite
at
Chickics
Ro
ck
ha
sbeen
ca
lledChickies
quartz
it
esince1878,
when
the
name
was firstused
by
Le
sley
andFrazer
;
they
alsoused
Hellam
quartzite
for
the
same
ro
cks
in Hellam
Hills.Lesl
ey
and Frazer
applied
the
nam
e Chickies(Chiclcis)
to the
quartz
it
e
and
associated
"q
uart
z s
late
"
but
not
to
the
overlying
phyUite,
and
l
ater
Walcott
followed
the
sa
meusage,
applying
th
e
nam
eChickies
to
the
quartzite.
Conglomerate
at
th
e
base
of
the
arenaceousseries
wa
s
not
mentioned
by
these
earlywriters
and
apparentlywas
not
seen
by
them,
as
it
isnotexposed
at
Chickies Rock.
It
is
broughtto
the
s
urf
ace
three
miles
to
the
west
in
th
e
mid
st
of
the
HeUam HiUs,
where
the
ant
iclineriseshigher,a
nd
is
th
ere
includ
ed
in
what
was
laterca
Ued
by
Le
sl
ey
Chickies
quartzite
.
Thesebasal
conglomeratic
bed
s,
to
which
the
name
HeUamcongl
ome
r
ate
member
ishereapplied, corres
pond in
gene
ral
with
th
e
Weverton
a
nd
Loudounformation
sof
Sout
h
Mountain.
Th
eHe
llam
conglom
erate
me
mber
lies
on
ep
id
ot
ic
amp
hibo
lit
e schistorgreen
stone
a
nd
apor
h
yo
lite, which
are
altered
vo
l
ca
nicrocksrel
atedto the
pre-Cambrian
me
taba
sa
lt
or
Catoct
inschist
and
aporh
yo
lit
e ofSo
uth
Mountain.
The
basalbed
sof
the
conglomer
ate
h
ere
are
c
hlorit
e schist whichco
ntain
s g
la
ssy
quart
zgrains
and
fl
at
fragme
nt
s of chl
or
itic
and
rh
yolitic schists,

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