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Guangzhou City Got Rid of 9.89 Tonnes of Cowpeas Containing Pesticide Residues

Guangzhou City Got Rid of 9.89 Tonnes of Cowpeas Containing Pesticide Residues

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Published by: Clair Lin on Feb 25, 2013
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09/14/2013

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Guangzhou City got rid of 9.89 tonnes of cowpeas containing pesticide residues
Summary:
Guangzhou City got rid of 9.89 tonnes of cowpeas containing pesticide residues of carbofuran and omethoate from the market.
Tags:
 pesticide residues, cowpeas, agricultural products, vegetables, carbofuran, omethoate,maruca vitrataRecently, Guangzhou City has got rid of 9.89 tonnes of cowpeas supplied by Yacheng Town inHainan Province; due to the abnormal pesticide residues on eight samples of a batch of cowpeashad been detected. CCMreported this news in its latest issue of Insecticides China Newsof  February. Below is the whole text:From 29-30 Jan., 2013, Guangzhou Jiangnan Fruit and Vegetable Wholesale Market (GuangzhouJiangnan, located in Guangzhou City) found abnormal pesticide residues on some samples of cowpeas, according to the result of routine tests. Consequently, Guangzhou Agricultural ProductQuality and Safety Supervision Institute retested this batch of cowpeas. It confirmed that eightsamples of this batch of cowpeas contained pesticide residues of carbofuran and omethoate. Infact, carbofuran and omethoate are banned from application on vegetables in China.As revealed by an investigation, this batch of cowpeas including unqualified samples with pesticide residues was supplied by Yacheng Town, Hainan Province, with a total volume of 9.89tonnes. Guangzhou Jiangnan has already removed the batch of cowpeas from Yacheng Town.Meanwhile, the Department of Agriculture of Guangdong Province announced that it will enhancethe detection of agricultural products in the market to ensure public health.In fact, it is not the first time that cowpeas from Yacheng Town have been detected to containforbidden pesticide residues in the past three years. The same incident once happened concerningcowpeas supplied by Yacheng Town in Feb., 2010, which urged Hainan Province to enhance themarket management of highly toxic pesticides. Hainan Province has established 225 agricultural product quality testing service stations and 18 vegetable quality testing service stations to detect pesticide residues on agricultural products in the past three years. However, due to thedecentralized small-scale production of cowpeas, it can't be guaranteed that all farmers won't usehighly toxic pesticides. It is reported that the product quality testing service stations in Hainanonly detected a portion of the agricultural products sent to other regions, as they don't possess theability to detect all the samples from every cowpea producer due to a lack of staff and the largenumber of small-scale cowpea producers. Thus, some products with highly toxic pesticideresidues have not been detected.According to an insider of Guangzhou Academy of Agricultural Science, cowpea farmers inYacheng Town apply carbofuran and omethoate for the control of maruca vitrata, a pantropicalinsect pest infecting leguminous crops. As maruca vitrata can breed inside the cowpeas, it is noteasy to be killed by low toxicity pesticides. Moreover, the hot climate in Hainan Provincefacilitates the reproduction of maruca vitrata resulting in 7-8 generations per year. In contrast, it
 
generally reproduces 2-3 generations per year in Shandong Province. Thus, superimposed multiplegenerations and resistance to insecticides could easily be caused in Hainan Province, which wouldhinder cowpea production greatly. Hence, farmers tend to use carbofuran and omethoate which aresystemic pesticides with high toxicity to maruca vitrata.Furthermore, few valid insecticide registrations are registered for cowpeas or maruca vitrata,which can't meet farmers' requirements for the control of maruca vitrata. According to the Institutefor the Control of Agrichemicals, Ministry of Agriculture, there were 13 insecticide registrationsfor the control of maruca vitrata as of 2 Feb., 2013, with three kinds of products, namelyfenvalerate EC, cypermethrin+chlopyrifos EC and lufenuron EC. Among these 13 registrations,none are for cowpeas. This is another reason why farmers in Yacheng Town choose highly toxicinsecticides.In view of the facts mentioned above, it is not sufficient to only enhance pesticide marketmanagement and supervision concerning highly toxic pesticide restriction. Guiding policies andwork are supposed to achieve more effectiveness. Hainan Province is suggested to introduce a pesticide registration subsidy policy to attract agrochemical companies to introduce effectiveinsecticides with low toxicity for cowpeas. Additionally, it is advised that demonstration cowpea planting fields be established to demonstrate new pesticide applications.
Table Contents of  Insecticides China News 1302:
China releases substitute list to replace toxic, harmful materials and productsWater bamboo receive pesticide registration subsidy in Zhejiang ProvinceGuangzhou City got rid of 9.89 tonnes of cowpeas containing pesticide residuesChina reveals plan to develop the bio-industry, including bio-pesticidesChlorfenapyr develops slowly in China New acaricide cyflumetofen introduced to ChinaCAS and Henan Sidley establish bio-engineering R&D centre in Henan ProvinceRegistrations of indoxacarb are increasing fastReview new registrations of insecticide formulations in 2012Price Update TableInsect pests to hit crop production in 2013
Insecticides China News
, a monthly publication issued by CCM on 10
th
, provides the latestand influential analysis on insecticide industry. Major contents include special report,company dynamics, market dynamics, supply and demand, price analysis, policy, rawmaterial and intermediate.
About CCM
CCM is dedicated to market research in China, Asia-Pacific Rim and global market. With astaff of more than 150 dedicated highly-educated professionals, CCM offers Market Data, Analysis, Reports, Newsletters, Buyer-Trader Information, Import/Export Analysis all throughits new proprietary product ValoTracer.

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