generally reproduces 2-3 generations per year in Shandong Province. Thus, superimposed multiplegenerations and resistance to insecticides could easily be caused in Hainan Province, which wouldhinder cowpea production greatly. Hence, farmers tend to use carbofuran and omethoate which aresystemic pesticides with high toxicity to maruca vitrata.Furthermore, few valid insecticide registrations are registered for cowpeas or maruca vitrata,which can't meet farmers' requirements for the control of maruca vitrata. According to the Institutefor the Control of Agrichemicals, Ministry of Agriculture, there were 13 insecticide registrationsfor the control of maruca vitrata as of 2 Feb., 2013, with three kinds of products, namelyfenvalerate EC, cypermethrin+chlopyrifos EC and lufenuron EC. Among these 13 registrations,none are for cowpeas. This is another reason why farmers in Yacheng Town choose highly toxicinsecticides.In view of the facts mentioned above, it is not sufficient to only enhance pesticide marketmanagement and supervision concerning highly toxic pesticide restriction. Guiding policies andwork are supposed to achieve more effectiveness. Hainan Province is suggested to introduce a pesticide registration subsidy policy to attract agrochemical companies to introduce effectiveinsecticides with low toxicity for cowpeas. Additionally, it is advised that demonstration cowpea planting fields be established to demonstrate new pesticide applications.
China releases substitute list to replace toxic, harmful materials and productsWater bamboo receive pesticide registration subsidy in Zhejiang ProvinceGuangzhou City got rid of 9.89 tonnes of cowpeas containing pesticide residuesChina reveals plan to develop the bio-industry, including bio-pesticidesChlorfenapyr develops slowly in China New acaricide cyflumetofen introduced to ChinaCAS and Henan Sidley establish bio-engineering R&D centre in Henan ProvinceRegistrations of indoxacarb are increasing fastReview new registrations of insecticide formulations in 2012Price Update TableInsect pests to hit crop production in 2013
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