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Richard Josef Neutra

Richard Josef Neutra

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Published by Joakim Paz
Resume of the life and work of the architect Richard Neutra with particular attention to his Desert House
Resume of the life and work of the architect Richard Neutra with particular attention to his Desert House

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Joakim Paz on Feb 21, 2009
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09/08/2011

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Richard Josef Neutra
Born in Vienna, Austria : April 8 1892Died in Wuppertal-Germany: April 16 1970
Education
: Technical University of Vienna (Graduated 1917. Taught by Adolf Loos)
Architectural Firm
: Richard and Dion Neutra Architecture
Awards
: 1934 - 1st prize with the Sten House in the House Beautiful Competiton1934 Gold Medal "Better Homes in America" (Beard Home).1967 Cross of Federal Republic of Germany.1968 Gold Ring of the City - Vienna.1977 - Gold Medal, American Institute of Architects (AIA)-postume
 
 
Architectural Theories
Decided to become an architect as 8 y.o. after seen the subway station designed byOtto Wagner in Vienna, complete his graduation with the mark of excellent.Neutra believed firmly in creating “a machine in the garden”; a house which wasdesigned for living in. In his projects he promoted the idea of flowing spaces andbalance between exterior and interior, and was above everything concerned about howto better combine human intervention with the natural environment.“Place Man in relationship to Nature: that’s where he developed and where he feelsmore at home”"As an architect, my life has been governed by the goal of building environmentalharmony, functional efficiency, and human enhancement into the experience of everyday living. These things go together, constituting the cause of architecture, and alife devoted to their realization cannot be an easy one” Richard Neutra“Wie Baut Amerika?” 1927“Richard Neutra on building: Mystery and Realities of the Site” 1951“Survival Through Design” 1954“Life and Shape” 1962
 
 
Influences and Styles
International Modernism : The term International Style appeared for the first time in 1932 in the firstInternational Exhibition of Modern Architecture at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, in wichsome of his works have been presented.Alfred Barr, the director of the museum define it as“peculiar to the 20
th
.century and fundamentally original as the Greek,Byzantine or Gotic.Theesthetic principles “are based upon the nature of modern materials and structure and uponmodern requirements in planning.Neutra was influenced considerably by the architect Adolf Loos, particularly his passion for the peopleand culture of America and it’s ‘opportunities for innovation’ wich later propelled him there .Later worked with Mendelshon in Berlin.They work together and show each other mutual respect. Ayear after arriving in America he worked briefly with Frank Lloyd Wright in 1924, and by 1925 hehad settled in Los Angeles, moving in with the architect Rudolf Schindler.Visiting Bauhaus in 1930 he and Mies v.d.Rhoe discussed ways in wich the Bauhaus systemmyght be introduced into th U.S..American delegate at CIAM (Congrès-internationaux d’Architecture moderne) in 1930.Neutra himself has influenced many generations of designers and architects interested inmodernism and Neutra’s characteristic ‘indoor-outdoor’ design.Adolf LoosErich Mendelshon(Einstein Tower)Frank Lloyd Wright(Gugenheim Museum)

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