2family of handheld systems. Surging Internet piracy continues to result in lost sales, lost jobs,lost taxes for local, state and national governments, as well as the loss of incentives to createand innovate.Despite the operation of Nintendo’s anti-piracy programs in over 40 countries, worldwidepiracy of
video game products remains a chronic problem resulting in huge losses.Special 301 has proven to be a highly effective tool in highlighting those countries that do notprovide adequate protection of copyrights and trademarks.For 2013, Nintendo recommends that USTR designate: (1) Brazil remain on the Watch List; (2)China for monitoring under Section 306 of the Trade Act and continued placement on thePriority Watch List;
(3) Mexico remain on the Watch List; and (4) Spain to be elevated to theWatch List.
NINTENDO OF AMERICA INC.
Nintendo of America Inc., based in Redmond, Washington, serves as headquarters forNintendo’s operations in the Western Hemisphere and markets the highly successful line of
video game products. Nintendo has branch offices in Redwood City, California andNew York, New York. Also located on Nintendo’s campus in Redmond is Nintendo SoftwareTechnology Corporation which creates game software for
video game systems. In1999, Retro Studios was founded in Austin, Texas as a sister-company to Nintendo of AmericaInc. Retro is a development studio dedicated to creating products for Nintendo. Nintendoholds the company’s intellectual property rights, including copyrights and trademarks, in theWestern Hemisphere. In addition, Nintendo coordinates the worldwide anti-piracy program onbehalf of its parent company, Nintendo Co. Ltd. of Kyoto, Japan.
video game hardware platforms (i.e.
Nintendo DS, Nintendo DSi
) play Nintendo’s proprietary game software as well as proprietary game softwarecreated by its third party licensees. Hundreds of U.S. companies independently create, license,market and sell
video game products. Worldwide piracy of
products alsoadversely affects the earnings and employment of these companies.