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LM324 - DataSheet

LM324 - DataSheet

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Published by: Federico Lozano Santamaria on Feb 26, 2013
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12/23/2013

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1
File Number 
796.5
CAUTION: These devices are sensitive to electrostatic discharge; follow proper IC Handling Procedures.1-888-INTERSIL or 321-724-7143
|
Intersil and Design is a trademark of Intersil Americas Inc.
|
Copyright © Intersil Americas Inc. 2001
CA124, CA224, CA324, LM324, LM2902 
Quad, 1MHz, Operational Amplifiers for Commercial, Industrial, and Military Applications 
The CA124, CA224, CA324, LM324, and LM2902 consist offour independent, high-gain operational amplifiers on asingle monolithic substrate. An on-chip capacitor in each ofthe amplifiers provides frequency compensation for unitygain. These devices are designed specially to operate fromeither single or dual supplies, and the differential voltagerange is equal to the power-supply voltage. Low power drainand an input common-mode voltage range from 0V to V+-1.5V (single-supply operation) make these devices suitablefor battery operation.
Features 
Operation from Single or Dual SuppliesUnity-Gain Bandwidth . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1MHz(Typ)DC Voltage Gain . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100dB(Typ)Input Bias Current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45nA(Typ)Input Offset Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2mV(Typ)Input Offset Current- CA224, CA324, LM324, LM2902 . . . . . . . . . . 5nA (Typ)- CA124. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3nA(Typ)Replacement for Industry Types 124, 224, 324
Applications 
Summing AmplifiersMultivibratorsOscillatorsTransducer AmplifiersDC Gain Blocks
Pinout 
CA124, CA224, CA324, LM2902 (PDIP, SOIC)LM324 (PDIP)
TOP VIEW
Part Number Information 
PARTNUMBER(BRAND)TEMP.RANGE (
o
C) PACKAGEPKG.NO.
CA0124E -55 to 125 14 Ld PDIP E14.3CA0124M(124)-55 to 125 14 Ld SOIC M14.15CA0124M96(124)-55 to 125 14 Ld SOIC Tape andReelM14.15CA0224E -40 to 85 14 Ld PDIP E14.3CA0224M(224)-40 to 85 14 Ld SOIC M14.15CA0324E 0 to 70 14 Ld PDIP E14.3CA0324M(324)0 to 70 14 Ld SOIC M14.15CA0324M96(324)0 to 70 14 Ld SOIC Tape andReelM14.15LM324N 0 to 70 14 Ld PDIP E14.3LM2902N -40 to 85 14 Ld PDIP E14.3LM2902M(2902)-40 to 85 14 Ld SOIC M14.15LM2902M96(2902)-40 to 85 14 Ld SOIC Tape andReelM14.15
1234567141312111098
   +
1
   +
4
   +
2
   +
3OUTPUT 1OUTPUT 2OUTPUT 4V-OUTPUT 3V+POS.INPUT 2POS.INPUT 1NEG.INPUT 1NEG.INPUT 3POS.INPUT 3POS.INPUT 4NEG.INPUT 4NEG.INPUT 2
Data Sheet May 2001
itle12224324324290b-ad,Hz,ra-alpli-s--,us-l,i-li-s)thoy-dser-
 O B S O L E T EP R O D U C T N O R E C O M M E N D E D R E P LA C E M E N T
 
Absolute Maximum Ratings Thermal Information
Supply Voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32V or
±
16VDifferential Input Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .32VInput Voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .-0.3V to 32VInput Current (V
I
< -0.3V, Note 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50mAOutput Short Circuit Duration (V+
15V, Note 2) . . . . . .Continuous
Operating Conditions
Temperature RangeCA124 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -55
o
C to 125
o
CCA224, LM2902 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -40
o
C to 85
o
CCA324, LM324 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 0
o
C to 70
o
CThermal Resistance (Typical, Note 3)
θ
JA
(
o
C/W)PDIP Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95SOIC Package . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175Maximum Junction Temperature (Die). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .175
o
CMaximum Junction Temperature (Plastic Package). . . . . . . . .150
o
CMaximum Storage Temperature Range. . . . . . . . . . -65
o
C to 150
o
CMaximum Lead Temperature (Soldering 10s) . . . . . . . . . . . . .300
o
C(SOIC - Lead Tips Only)
CAUTION: Stresses above those listed in “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. This is a stress only rating and operation of the device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the operational sections of this specification is not implied.
NOTES:1. This input current will only exist when the voltage at any of the input leads is driven negative. This current is due to the collector base junction of theinput p-n-p transistors becoming forward biased and thereby acting as input diode clamps. In addition to this diode action, there is also lateral n-p-nparasitictransistoractionontheICchip.ThistransistoractioncancausetheoutputvoltagesoftheamplifierstogototheV+voltagelevel(ortogroundfor a large overdrive) for the time duration that an input is driven negative. This transistor action is not destructive and normal output states will re-establish when the input voltage, which was negative, again returns to a value greater than -0.3V.2. The maximum output current is approximately 40mA independent of the magnitude of V+. Continuous short circuits at V+ > 15V can causeexcessive power dissipation and eventual destruction. Short circuits from the output to V+ can cause overheating and eventual destruction ofthe device.3.
θ
JA
is measured with the component mounted on an evaluation PC board in free air.
Electrical Specifications
Values Apply for Each Operational Amplifier. Supply Voltage V+ = 5V, V- = 0V,Unless Otherwise Specified
PARAMETERTESTCONDITIONSTEMP.(
o
C)CA124 CA224, CA324, LM324 LM2902UNITSMIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX
Input OffsetVoltage (Note 6)25 - 2 5 - 2 7 - - - mVFull - - 7 - - 9 - - 10 mVAverage InputOffset VoltageDriftR
S
= 0
Full - 7 - - 7 - - 7 -
µ
V/ 
o
CDifferential InputVoltage (Note 5)Full - - V+ - - V+ - - V+ VInput CommonMode VoltageRange (Note 5)V+ = 30V 25 0 - V+ -1.5 0 - V+ -1.5 - - - VV+ = 30V Full 0 - V+ -2 0 - V+ -2 - - - VV+ = 26V Full - - - - - - 0 - V+ -2 VCommon ModeRejection RatioDC 25 70 85 - 65 70 - - - - dBPower SupplyRejection RatioDC 25 65 100 - 65 100 - - - - dBInput BiasCurrent (Note 4)I
I
+ or I
I
- 25 - 45 150 - 45 250 - - - nAI
I
+ or I
I
- Full - - 300 - - 500 - 40 500 nAInput OffsetCurrentI
I
+ - I
I
- 25 - 3 30 - 5 50 - - - nAI
I
+ - I
I
- Full - - 100 - - 150 - 45 200 nAAverage InputOffset CurrentDriftFull - 10 - - 10 - - 10 - pA
o
CLarge SignalVoltage GainR
L
2k
, V+ = 15V(For Large V
O
Swing)25 94 100 - 88 100 - - - - dBR
L
2k
, V+ = 15V(For Large V
O
Swing)Full 88 - - 83 - - 83 - - dB
CA124, CA224, CA324, LM324, LM2902 
 
Schematic Diagram 
(One of Four Operational Amplifiers)
OutputVoltageSwingR
L
= 2k
25 0 - V+ -1.5 0 - V+ -1.5 - - - VHighLevelR
L
=
 
2k
, V+ = 30V Full 26 - - 26 - - - - - VR
L
=
 
2k
, V+ = 26V Full - - - - - - 22 - - VR
L
= 10k
, V+ = 30V Full 27 28 - 27 28 - 23 28 - VLowLevelR
L
= 10k
Full - 5 20 - 5 20 - 5 100 mVOutputCurrentSource V
I
+ = +1V, V
I
- = 0V,V+ = 15V25 20 40 - 20 40 - - - - mAV
I
+ = 1V, V
I
- = 0,V+ = 15VFull 10 20 - 10 20 - 10 20 - mASink V
I
+ = 0V, V
I
- = 1V,V+ = 15V25 10 20 - 10 20 - - - - mAV
I
+ = 0V, V
I
- = 1V,V
O
= 200mV25 12 50 - 12 50 - - - -
µ
AV
I
- = 1V, V
I
+ = 0,V+ = 15VFull 5 8 - 5 8 - 5 8 - mACrosstalk f = 1 to 20kHz(Input Referred)25 - -120 - - -120 - - - - dBTotal SupplyCurrentR
L
=
Full - 0.8 2 - 0.8 2 - 0.7 1.2 mAR
L
=
, V+ = 26V Full - - - - - - - 1.5 3 mANOTES:4. Due to the PNP input stage the direction of the input current is out of the IC. No loading change exists on the input lines because the current isessentially constant, independent of the state of the output.5. The input signal voltage and the input common mode voltage should not be allowed to go negative by more than 0.3V. The positive limit of thecommon mode voltage range is V+ - 1.5V, but either or both inputs can go to +32V without damage.6. V
O
= 1.4V, R
S
= 0
with V+ from 5V to 30V, and over the full input common mode voltage range (0V to V+ - 1.5V).
Electrical Specifications
Values Apply for Each Operational Amplifier. Supply Voltage V+ = 5V, V- = 0V,Unless Otherwise Specified
(Continued)PARAMETERTESTCONDITIONSTEMP.(
o
C)CA124 CA224, CA324, LM324 LM2902UNITSMIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX
11324165+
-
2 7910+
-
3 81312+
-
4 4TO 2, 3, 4TO 2, 3, 4V
O
R
SC
Q
6
Q
5
Q
7
Q
12
50
µ
A100
µ
AQ
11
Q
10
C
COMP
4
µ
A6
µ
AQ
9
Q
4
Q
3
Q
2
V+Q
8
Q
1
INPUTS
-
+Q
13
V-
CA124, CA224, CA324, LM324, LM2902 

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