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Report on the Conditions and Sufferings of the Rakhaings in Maungdaw

Report on the Conditions and Sufferings of the Rakhaings in Maungdaw

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Published by sandrakaung2430
A number of Bengalis from Chittagong were found setting in the western coast of the Naf River. Before the time of U Maung Nyo, there were guards only and all the area were inhabited by Rakhaings (Buddhists) who had built Buddhist religious temples and pagodas there.
A number of Bengalis from Chittagong were found setting in the western coast of the Naf River. Before the time of U Maung Nyo, there were guards only and all the area were inhabited by Rakhaings (Buddhists) who had built Buddhist religious temples and pagodas there.

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Published by: sandrakaung2430 on Feb 23, 2009
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Report on the conditions and sufferings of the Rakhaings in MaungdawRakhine Security Association, Maungdaw12/28/2008
(Published by: Rakhine Security Association, Maungdaw, Rakhine State.
dated 9th October 1988- in Burmeselanguage.)|
During the time of British rule, the first chance for governing Maungdaw was given to Maung Nyo, grandson of a Rakhaing king. He happened to join in the force as Jamadar (equivalent tothe rank of a Captain) during the year 1825-26 till the period of signing Randabo agreement. Hehad to rule a portion of the area on the western side of Naf River. From his grandfather, inrecognition of his activities in the war, he was also given the rule of big area on the eastern sideof the Naf River.A number of Bengalis from Chittagong were found setting in the western coast of the Naf River.Before the time of U Maung Nyo, there were guards only and all the area were inhabited byRakhaings (Buddhists) who had built Buddhist religious temples and pagodas there. Then, on theDecember 4, 1853, Jamader Aung Phroo, son of U Maung Nyo, was appointed chief of the area.He could manage to pay taxes of Rs. 71,953 to the British Govt. and was given much honour for it. He could collect taxes from the Bengali-dwellers of the area. According to historians,Chittagonian Bengali villages were found to be established during the year 1853.1.Muslims of Maungdaw are illegal intruders from Chittagong and from other sides.2.Muslims are given preference, to their religion.3.Attempt for getting separate area.4.Statement falsely made in the history.5.Statements on urgent demands6.Conclusion
1. Muslims of Maungdaw are illegal intruders from Chittagong and from other sides.(a) They came as labours (coolie) to work.
In the year 1856, Swiss Canal was open. In order to increase the production of paddy on the land,the Govt. encouraged the local Rakhaings to work side by side with foreigners to make the landcultivable without any taxes for a period of 3 years. The production increased from 1000 to 3000tons. In order to increase the production of paddy, the authority of the East India Companyneeded a huge number of labourers (coolies) from Chittagong area as cheap labour.In the year 1880, Bengalis came as seasonal labours. And they would return to Chittagong whenthe harvest was over. But, some landowners of the area kept them permanently even after thecompletion of the gardening, growing of crops like chilly, onion, mustard seeds, peas, beans etc.In this way, they could settle in Maungdaw area permanently.As reported in the Directorate of Health, 1930-31, 40,000 labours from Chittagong area came inMaungdaw annually for working in the area.
(b) They entered as labourers for road construction.
During the last part of 1850, a large number of Bengali Muslims came to Butheedaung throughMaungdaw in various groups. The local Rakhaings had to watch their movements by turns for the security of their lives and properties. Such movements were known to be like marching of Bengali soldiers, as told by old people from Maungdaw and Butheedaung. Seeing the importanceof the roads, the authority of the East India Company also constructed a railroad from Maungdawto Buthidaung. In these works the Chittagonian Bengali were engaged as labourers during theyear 1916 to 1918. Hence they began to settle here permanently.
(c) Intrusion of Chittagonian Bengali during the time of communal riots during 2
During the year 1942, while there was strong administration, communal riots took place betweenMuslims and Rakhaings. In these riots, Rakhaings suffered much and their belongings, Buddhisttemples, pagodas and houses were snatched away by the Muslims in their absence. Most of thevillagers of northern and southern sides of Maungdaw were killed by them. Their villages wereconverted into Muslim villages and religious temples were turned into mosques and madrashas.The villagers had to flee to safer places. Survivors had to take shelter in the Rakhaing villages of Kyauktaw Township. Some of the Rakhaings were brutally killed while they were fleeing away.A small number of Rakhaings saved their lives as they crossed the Naf River. They were sent toDinapur by the British Govt. for their safety. Thus Muslims became owners of their desertedlands, buildings and other properties. In Maungdaw, a "Peace Committee" was formed under theleadership of a N.A.B.L. Muslim. Later the said Peace Committee converted into a religious party known as
"Jamiatul Uloom Association" 
when Japanese forces reached Maungdaw andthe true history of the area was changed completely showing the area in the hands of their Muslims ancestors since immemorial times. This was falsely in the history of the area, in theabsence of the Rakhaings.Real facts will be revealed if impartial research is made on ancient religious monuments,inscriptions etc. by any archaeologist. The Muslims changed the real facts as they were very powerful at that time and no one could raise objection against such activities. In many yearseverything could disappear. So, all the real facts should be known by the Rakhaing people.
(d) Intrusion of Bengali during democracy period.
More than 5,000 Rakhaings who had been relocated to Dinajpur by British Govt. during the riotsin 1942, returned to their homeland in the month of December 1945. But, they could notreintegrate their original places due to illegal occupation of their land by the Muslims. So theywere compelled to leave Maungdaw. Some of their villages at the northern side of Maungdawcould be rehabilitated, but they could not return to the villages at the southern side of the town because their lands were taken by the Muslims during their absence. Moreover, in 1949, whenthe Mujahid Revolution started, the Muslims made a 10-year plan to annihilate the Rakhaingscompletely from these places. In cooperation with Jameatul Ulum Party, they drove out all theRakhaings from their hearths and homes and Rakhaings were not allowed to re-establish their villages in their original places. So, they were compelled to take shelter in the inner part oRakhaing State for their security.In the year 1960 (on July 4) Meyu District came into existence with Maungdaw, Butheedaungand Ratheedaung where all possible preferences were given to Muslims by the AFPFL Govt. for getting votes from the Bengali Muslim voters. All rights and privileges were given to them asother Burmese nationals. All of them were provided with NRCs (National Registration Cards).Between 1960 and 1974, only Muslim candidates could be elected as MPs. from Maungdawconstituency and they could easily be registered as Burmese citizens. Thus the AFPFL
government got sufficient funds from the Bengali Muslims and their population increased to20,000. Their MPs were U Khin Maung Let (Abdul latif) and U Rashid. U Khin Maung Let wasone of the members of Dept. of justice and he could do and undo anything in respects of immigration purposes. Both of them were most powerful and influential.
(e) Intrusion of Chittagonian Muslims under "Hain Tha Plan"
Hain Tha operation started on 5.5.78 Muslims of various places of Rakhaing State did not dare toface it and persons without any NRC or FRC. Residing Rakhaing state began to flee away group by group, as they were not legal citizens of Rakhaing State. Later on, agreement between Burmaand Bangladesh was signed for accepting them again on the 1
August 1978 till January 5, 1979.The Burmese Govt. had to accept 30,000 more Bengali than the number of persons who fledaway from Rakhaing State under this agreement. Persons, who fled away from Maungdaw andcould only say the name of their home village, were accepted, but most of them were originalBangladeshi nationals. They are still suspected by Burmese Govt. They are failing to identify thereal citizen of the area till now. It is heavy burden to a state like Rakhaing. Lists of such personsare shown below: -
Dist. of MaungdawNo. of familyNo. of family
 MaleFemaleTotalOutgoing12,49654,94554,71376,823Incoming17,674 109,667It is revealed from the above-mentioned reasons that huge number of Bengali Muslims enteredfrom Chittagong area.
2. Muslims are given preference, to their religion.
It had been stated in their programme that, for the security of Islam as well as Holy book Quranand Health that, the enemy of Islam need to be resisted. They will declare "Jihad" for fightingagainst the enemy of Islam. All this was made by the Chittagonian Bengali Muslims of Maungdaw township area.A conference of 30 Islamic countries was held in Lahore of Pakistan on the 22
February, 1947where they decided to fight against the enemies of Islam and where a decision was made tocollect funds by way of forming an organization like Islamic Funds Organization (IFO) with aview to build mosques in every corner of the villages everywhere in the world, which theyalready started to implement. Branches of Olema Association were formed by the BengaliMuslims of Rakhaing State and had began to -a.From Organizations for managing the mosques. b.Organize groups for political movement.c.Give help and assistance to their people.They started to give subscriptions regularly for funds especially for Muslims, who could convertothers to their religion with sufficient money, as well as those who could make harm to other faith.

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