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The Orange Newsletter Volume 2 Number 7 21 February 2013.pdf

The Orange Newsletter Volume 2 Number 7 21 February 2013.pdf

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Published by Sam Anyona
The Orange is a Newsletter of the Orange Democratic Movement
The Orange is a Newsletter of the Orange Democratic Movement

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Published by: Sam Anyona on Feb 27, 2013
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02/27/2013

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NEWSLETTER OF THE ORANGE DEMOCRATIC MOVEMENTVolume 2 Number 7 Thursday 21 February 2013
CORD Presidential Candidate Rt. Hon. Raila Odinga Waves to Supporters in Uashin Gishu County
CORD Will Safeguard Turkana Oil Interests
Orange Reporter
The Coalition for Reforms and Democracyhas asked voters in Turkana County not totrust its rivals with the oil and other valuable natural resources being discoveredin the region.CORD Presidential candidate Raila Odingaand running mate Kalonzo Musyoka saidtheir challengers had never shown interestin the development of Turkana until oil wasdiscovered there recently.The leaders were addressing supporters atrallies in Turkana County.Mr Odinga addressed rallies in Lokichar,Kalokol and Lodwar where he saidKenyans had clear choices to make in thecoming elections whether to turn left or right.
“Turkana region had been forgotten for 
close to 50 years. It is only now that oil has been discovered here that some of our leaders have realised the county hassomething to offer. They are now salivatingfor land here because they know riches arecoming,
” the PM said.
 Mr Odinga told residents that whether they benefit from the oil will depend on thegovernment they elect in two weeks time.
“Oil can be a blessing or a curse. It all
depends on who is in power. A badleadership can easily sell this oil abroad, pocket all the money and leave the Turkanasuffering here the way they have for 50years now. You should count yourselveslucky that the oil was discovered under thecoalition government, otherwise you would
have lost everything,” Mr Odinga said.
 He warned those rushing to the area to buyland for purposes of speculation that it wasan exercise in futility as his governmentwould nullify such transactions and havethem be looked into a fresh by the comingcounty government.
 
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“This election is the chance
for Kenyans todecide whether they turn left or right. Iassure you that if you take the left turn, itwill be a path to change and greater  prosperity. Branch to the right and you will be taking a journey to the very same Kenyawe have known for the last fifty years.
 Nothing will change,” PM said.
 Mr Odinga said his government would prioritise the expansion of irrigationschemes already in place and introduce newones to ensure food security and jobs.He said the 10,000 hectare irrigationscheme he launched in Todonyang would be expanded more than two times and hewould invest in the security of residents.The PM said CORD would invest inharvesting of rain and underground water for livestock and domestic use, adding thathe would ensure herders have grazingrights and secure migration routes.
The irrigation projects I launched here is just a small example of what a governmentthat has your interest at heart can do. It isthe will that matters first, then resourceswill follow. I have shown that I have the
will to develop this area,” the PM said.
 He promised that his government would
invest in “truly free” education where parents don‟t dig into their pockets to buy
stationery, uniforms and pay teachers.The PM promised to ensure the LAPSETT project runs its course to provide jobs in theTurkana County.He appealed to registered voters to turn outin large numbers and vote for CORDcandidates to ensure development comes tothe county.Former Kangundo MP Mr JohnstonMuthama, who accompanied Mr Odinga,asked Turkana voters not to trust Jubileecoalition saying the group has leaders whocannot be trusted.Muthama said the oil in the region wouldnever benefit residents if Jubilee wins.
“These people signed an agreement with
Musalia Mudavadi in the morning one day.Less than 24 hours later, they changed andsaid it was the devil. Those are not peopleyou can trust with a precious resource like
oil,” Muthama said.
 The PM arrived in Turkana addressedrallies in Lokichar, Kalokol and Lodwar where he was joined by his running mateKalonzo Musyoka, Moses Wetangula, JohnMunyes and Josephat Nanok, among others
CORD Presidential Candidate Rt. Hon. Raila Odinga and Hon. Johnson Muthama dance at a Rally in Lokichar, Turkana County
Kenya: A Nation Betrayed by Bad Leadership
 
Larry Gumbe
An analysis of Kenya today shows a nationof boundless potentials yearning for change. A nation of plenty whose peopleare wallowing in abject poverty while ahandful enjoys obscene wealth siphonedout of public coffers. A nation repeatedly betrayed by a cabal of predatory dictatorsentrusted with the solemn duty to lead andtransform. They have privatised the state.They seek to dismember the nation usingtribe at the altar of personalaggrandisement. Perhaps for them, Kenyais but a carcass for hounds.We are a people who continue to strugglefor justice, equity and prosperity. We standon the threshold of momentous changes.Whereas this crisis portends danger of disintegration for the nation, it also provides an opportunity for transformingKenya into a powerful and vibrant nationwith a compelling national identity andstrong core- values and principles. A prosperous nation in which those born into
 
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 different circumstances enjoy equality of opportunity and hope and live dignifiedlives; a nation in which all Kenyans feel athome. Yet even as the nation totters on the brink of collapse, the reactionary forces of  backwardness are re-grouping. They aremarshalled against the people of Kenya. They seek to hold us in bondage.They want to perpetuate their hold over thestate to protect their ill-gotten wealth.In this situation we need to retrace our steps. Where did the rain begin beating us?
Colonial Era:
 Expropriation of a People’s
Land, Labour and Resources
The problems that we face today can betraced to bad colonial policies which have been compounded by myopic and narrow-minded post-colonial leadership.Inherited colonial structures were bound to be a challenge to national development.However, a committed visionary leadershipshould have been able to transform suchstructures and create a strong nationcapable of meeting the needs of the broadmasses of our people.It is worth remembering that Kenya is acolonial creation. In the process of colonizing Uganda to secure the source of the Nile and protect British geo-strategicinterests over the Suez Canal in Egypt andtheir maritime imperialist interests, theyneeded access to Uganda through Kenya.Thus Kenya was declared a protectorateand later a colony.
Creation of an Agrarian ColonialEconomy: For Foreign Kitchens andIndustries
Following the building of the Kenya
 – 
 Uganda railway, the rich highlands of Kenya were expropriated and alienated towhite British settlers. This set in motion thecreation of an agrarian colonial economywhose primary purpose was to supplyBritish industries and kitchens. By 1915there were about 1,000 white settlers towhom over 4.5million acres of land had been alienated. The social and economicinfrastructure of the country wasconsequently organized to fulfil that purpose. African labour and resources wereforcefully expropriated as part of the primitive accumulation of capital in thecolonial economy.
Settlers: A Vision for a Homeland
Whereas the colonial office was concernedabout metropolitan imperial interests, thesettlers saw Kenya becoming a settler colony in the same manner as Australia and New Zealand. They had a vision of aKenya dominated by them as a ruling classdominating both the immigrant Indian
dukawalas
and the Africans. The colonialoffice was forced to issue the DevonshireWhite Paper in 1923 which asserted thatKenya was primarily an African country.This did not, however, stop settler interestsfrom dominating the content and directionof state policy. The settlers dependedheavily on the colonial state subsidies. Thecolonial state also ruthlessly extracted andrepressed cheap African labour to keepthem going, thus retarding Africanagricultural production. No investments were made in providingeducation and health facilities for Africans.When the colonial government paid anyattention to African education (the Phelps-Stokes Commission of 1924), it decidedthat Africans should receive only practical,agriculturally-oriented education suitablefor rural communities. In fact the settlerswere mad with missionaries for attemptingto give even rudimentary literacy toAfricans. No investments were made in Africanagriculture not to mention industry
Colonial Industrial Policy: ConsumerProducts for Settler Tables
As early as 1905, a number of import-export houses established branches inKenya to satisfy settler consumer needs.These included: Gailey and Roberts, UnitedAfrica Company, Mitchell-Cotts andCompany, Baumann and Company andLeslie and Anderson. All these exported primary commodities and importedmanufactured goods.However, before World War II a policy of Import-Substitution Industrialisation (ISI)was adopted. Instead of importing allmanufactured goods, a few industriesmanufacturing products for sale within EastAfrica were established. These included:East African Breweries, African Highlands produce Company, Kenya Tea Company,East African Tanning Extract Company,East African Meat Company, Magadi SodaCompany, and East African PortlandCement.It is important to note that all these firmswere established to promote settler andforeign capital interests. The colonial state,for example undertook to provide not onlythe loan capital for the construction of theEast African Meat Company (a subsidiaryof Liebiggs UK) but also to guarantee thefactory a steady through-put of cattle byintroducing compulsory purchasinglegislation. Consequently the colonial stateforced the Akamba herdsmen to de-stock their herds on the dubious grounds that theyhad over-grazed the land. The real reasonwas to protect white settlers.In the post-World War II period, the USAemerged as a new super-power and Britainwas in decline. US multinationalcorporations (MNCs) began penetrating protected British colonial markets. At thesame time, African nationalism began tothreaten the continued hold of settlers over the colonial state.
 I 
ndependence and After: The Creation of a Subservient Political Elite
In this context, Britain passed The ColonialDevelopment and Welfare Act of 1940which provided greater possibilities for initiating industrial projects within thecolonies. Within this framework, theBritish sought to chaperon a guidedunionism to avoid working class rebellions.They also sought to enhance the formation
of a „responsible middle class‟ which could
guarantee capital investments and profitrepatriation from the colonies. This way,African nationalists could be brought in toshare power with their former colonialmasters.The period between 1945 and1963 saw theemergence of a radical nationalistmovement that began to demand for independence. The Mau Mau insurgencyforced Britain to begin a rapid process of de-colonization. The Swynnerton Plan(1954) argued that the development of capitalist agriculture among the peasantrywould be the best way to indigenizecapitalism thus providing a bulwark againstthe emergent radical nationalism.
 The Kenyatta Era:
 Betrayal of a Peoples’ 
Dreams
KANU came to power as a popular nationalist movement with a promise, notonly to liberate Kenya from the yoke of colonialism, but also our people from thedegrading conditions of life they had beensubjected to by imperialism. KANU promised to eradicate poverty, disease andignorance. Kenyans were thereforeextremely excited about the future.However, by the end of the first republic,the national dream was dead. It had beenkilled by narrow ethnic chauvinism.Kenyatta failed to restore displaced personsto their lands; in fact this was a major pointof disagreement within KANU. The millionacre scheme was hijacked by government

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