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TheTranssexualEmpire-JaniceRaymond

TheTranssexualEmpire-JaniceRaymond

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Published by lamenzies123
WARNING: CONTROVERSIAL
Fifteen years ago, when it was first published, "The Transsexual Empire" challenged the medical psychiatric definition of transsexualism as a disease and sex conversion hormones and surgery as the cure. It exposed the antifeminist stereotyping that requires candidates for transsexual surgery to prove themselves by conforming to subjective, outdated and questionable feminine roles and "passing" as women. Then as now, defining and treating transsexualism as a medical problem prevents the person experiencing so-called gender dissatisfaction from seeing it in a gender-challenging or feminist framework. Transsexualism goes to the question of what gender is, how to challenge it, and what reinforces gender stereotyping in a role-defined society. In the new introduction to this feminist work, Raymond discusses how these same issues are now debated in the context of transgender. Transgenderism reduces gender resistance to wardrobes, hormones, surgery and posturing - anything but real sexual equality. It assimilates the roles and definitions of masculinity and femininity, often mixing and matching, but never really moving beyond both. In a similar way, transsexualism is thought to be a radical challenge to gender roles, breaking the boundaries of gender and transgressing its rigid lines. But if the transsexual merely exchanges one gender role for another, and if the outcome of such a sex reassignment is to endorse a femininity which, in many transsexuals, becomes a caricature of much that feminists have rejected about many-made femininity, then where is the challenge, the transgression, and the breaking of any real boundaries? This book will be used as a text in women's studies, psychology, sociology, technology and public policy, as well as by medical students, law students, and all who have an interest in feminist issues.
WARNING: CONTROVERSIAL
Fifteen years ago, when it was first published, "The Transsexual Empire" challenged the medical psychiatric definition of transsexualism as a disease and sex conversion hormones and surgery as the cure. It exposed the antifeminist stereotyping that requires candidates for transsexual surgery to prove themselves by conforming to subjective, outdated and questionable feminine roles and "passing" as women. Then as now, defining and treating transsexualism as a medical problem prevents the person experiencing so-called gender dissatisfaction from seeing it in a gender-challenging or feminist framework. Transsexualism goes to the question of what gender is, how to challenge it, and what reinforces gender stereotyping in a role-defined society. In the new introduction to this feminist work, Raymond discusses how these same issues are now debated in the context of transgender. Transgenderism reduces gender resistance to wardrobes, hormones, surgery and posturing - anything but real sexual equality. It assimilates the roles and definitions of masculinity and femininity, often mixing and matching, but never really moving beyond both. In a similar way, transsexualism is thought to be a radical challenge to gender roles, breaking the boundaries of gender and transgressing its rigid lines. But if the transsexual merely exchanges one gender role for another, and if the outcome of such a sex reassignment is to endorse a femininity which, in many transsexuals, becomes a caricature of much that feminists have rejected about many-made femininity, then where is the challenge, the transgression, and the breaking of any real boundaries? This book will be used as a text in women's studies, psychology, sociology, technology and public policy, as well as by medical students, law students, and all who have an interest in feminist issues.

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Published by: lamenzies123 on Feb 27, 2013
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06/23/2013

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 ATHENE Series
General EditorsGloria BowlesRenate Klein Janice RaymondConsulting EditorDale Spender
 The Athene Series assumes that all those who are concerned withformulating explanations of the way the world works need to know andappreciate the significance of basic feminist principles. The growth of feminist research internationally has called intoquestion almost all aspects of social organization in our culture. TheAthene Series focuses on the construction of knowledge and theexclusion of women from the process—both as theorists and subjectsof study—and offers innovative studies that challenge establishedtheories and research.ATHENE, the Olympian goddess of wisdom, was honored by theancient Greeks as the patron of arts and sciences and guardian of cities. She represented both peace and the intellectual aspect of war.Her mother, Metis, was a Titan and presided over all knowledge. Whilepregnant with Athene, Metis was swallowed whole by Zeus. Some saythis was his attempt to embody her supreme wisdom. The originalAthene is thus twice bom: once of her strong mother, Metis, and oncemore out of the head of Zeus. According to feminist myth, there is a“third birth” of Athene when she stops being an agent and mouthpieceof Zeus and male dominance, and returns to her original source: thewisdom of womankind.
 
THE
TRANSSEXUAL
 The Making of the She-Male
EMPIRE
Reissued with a New Introduction on Transgender
  JANICE G. RAYMOND
 Teachers College Press Teachers College, Columbia UniversityNew York and London

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