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Revolutionary Organization Study Group Reader

Revolutionary Organization Study Group Reader

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Study guide on revolutionary struggle
Study guide on revolutionary struggle

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Published by: Mosi Ngozi (fka) james harris on Feb 27, 2013
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09/03/2013

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1
 Advance the Struggle
- Study Group on Revolutionary Organization -Chapter 1:
 Lenin and Luxemburg: Party or Class? 
Lenin – “Where to Begin?”
 p.2
 Luxemburg – “Organizational Questions of the Russian Social Democracy”
 p. 10
 Sergio Bologna – “Class Composition and the Theory of the Party at the Originsof the Workers Movement”
 p.23
 Chapter 2
: Bordiga and Gramsci: What Kind of Party? 
 Gramsci – “Unions and Councils”
 p.44
 Gramsci – “Workers’ Democracy”
 p.51
 Bordiga – “Seize Power or Seize the Factory?”
 p.53
 Bordiga – “Party and Class Action”
 p.54
 Bordiga – “The Lyons Theses”
 p.65 
 Chapter 3:
The Ultra-Left Critique: Workers Power or Communisation? 
 Pannekoek – “Party and Working Class”
 p.98
 Pannekoek – “Workers Councils”
 p.103
 Dauve & Nesic – “Communisation”
 p.108
 Endnotes – “Communization and Value-form”
 p.132
 Chapter 4:
 Anarchism and Revolutionary Organization
  Anarchist FAQ - “Synthesis Federations; Platforms; Why Anarchists opposeplatforms”
 p.156
 Fire By Night – “After Winder Must Come Spring” Love & Rage AnarchistFederation reflection
 p.169
 
 
2
 Weaver – “Especifismo: The Anarchist Praxis of Building Popular Movements andRevolutionary Organization in South America”
 p.188
 FARJ – “Concentric Circles”
 p.194
 Chapter 5:
Trotskyism
 Leon Trotsky - “The Transitional Program”; Sections “The ObjectivePrerequisites for a Socialist Revolution” to “Business Secrets and Workers Control of Industry”
 p.200
 http://www.marxists.org/archive/trotsky/1938/tp/index.htm Chris Harman - “Party and Class”
 p.205 
 http://www.marxists.org/archive/harman/1968/xx/partyclass.htm Chapter 6:
 Post-Lenin Leninism
 Draper – “Anatomy of the Micro-Sect
 p.220
 Hammerquist – “Lenin, Leninism, and some Leftovers”
 p.231
 
Chapter 1
: Lenin & Luxemburg - Party or Class?
  V. I. Lenin Where to Begin?[2] 
In recent years the question of “what is to be done” has confronted RussianSocial-Democratswith particular insistence. It is not a question of what path we must choose(as was the case in the late eighties and early nineties), but of what practical steps wemust take upon the known path and how they shall be taken. It is a question of a systemand plan of practical work. And it must be admitted that we have not yet solved thisquestion of the character and the methods of struggle, fundamental for a party of practical activity, that it still gives rise to serious differences of opinion which reveal adeplorable ideological instability and vacillation. On the one hand, the “Economisttrend, far from being dead, is endeavouring to clip and narrow the work of politicalorganisation and agitation. On the other, unprincipled eclecticism is again rearing its
 
3
head, aping every new “trend”, and is incapable of distinguishing immediate demandsfrom the main tasks and permanent needs of the movement as a whole. This trend, as we know, has ensconced itself in
 Rabocheye Dyelo
.[3]This journal’s latest statement of “programme”, a bombastic article under the bombastic title “A Historic Turn” (“
 Listok
 Rabochevo Dyela
, No. 6[4]), bears out with special emphasis the characterisation wehave given. Only yesterday there was a flirtation with “Economism”, a fury over theresolute condemnation of 
 Rabochaya Mysl 
,[5]andPlekhanov’spresentation of the question of the struggle against autocracy was being toned down. But today Liebknecht’s  words are being quoted: “If the circumstances change within twenty-four hours, thentactics must be changed within twenty-four hours.” There is talk of a “strong fightingorganisation for direct attack, for storming, the autocracy; of “broad revolutionary political agitation among the masses” (how energetic we are now—both revolutionary and political!); of “ceaseless calls for street protests”; of “street demonstrations of apronounced [
sic!
] political character”; and so on, and so forth. We might perhaps declare ourselves happy at
 Rabocheye Dyelo
’s quick grasp of theprogramme we put forward in the first issue of 
 Iskra
,[6]calling for the formation of astrong well-organised party, whose aim is not only to win isolated concessions but tostorm the fortress of the autocracy itself; but the lack of any set point of view in theseindividuals can only dampen our happiness.
 Rabocheye Dyelo
, of course, mentions Liebknecht’s name in vain. The tactics of agitation in relation to some special question, or the tactics with regard to some detail of party organisation may be changed in twenty-four hours; but only people devoid of allprinciple are capable of changing, in twenty-four hours, or, for that matter, in twenty-four months, their view on the necessity—in general, constantly, and absolutely—of anorganisation of struggle and of political agitation among the masses. It is ridiculous toplead different circumstances and a change of periods: the building of a fightingorganisation and the conduct of political agitation are essential under any “drab,peaceful” circumstances, in any period, no matter how marked by a “decliningrevolutionary spirit”; moreover, it is precisely in such periods and under suchcircumstances that work of this kind is particularly necessary, since it is too late to formthe organisation in times of explosion and outbursts; the party must be in a state of readiness to launch activity at a moment’s notice. “Change the tactics within twenty-fourhours”! But in order to change tactics it is first necessary to have tactics; without astrong organisation skilled in waging political struggle under all circumstances and at alltimes, there can be no question of that systematic plan of action, illumined by firmprinciples and steadfastly carried out, which alone is worthy of the name of tactics. Letus, indeed, consider the matter; we are now being told that the “historic moment” haspresented our Party with a “completely new” question—the question of terror. Yesterday the “completely new” question was political organisation and agitation; today it is terror.Is it not strange to hear people who have so grossly forgotten their principles holdingforth on a radical change in tactics?
 
Fortunately,
 Rabocheye Dyelo
is in error. The question of terror is not a new question at all; it will suffice to recall briefly the established views of Russian Social-Democracy on the subject.In principle we have never rejected, and cannot reject, terror. Terror is one of theforms of military action that may be perfectly suitable and even essential at a definite juncture in the battle, given a definite state of the troops and the existence of definite

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