Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Belgian Congo

The Belgian Congo



|Views: 5,346 |Likes:
Published by Joel Troge

More info:

Published by: Joel Troge on Feb 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC or read online from Scribd
See more
See less


The Belgian Congo
All the major European powers were colonizing in the 19thCentury. One colony was Belgium's Congo. The Kingdom of Belgium did not own it. It was the personal property of thatcountry's king, Leopold II. Leopold used the Congo to make hugeamounts of money.King Leopold and his countrymen committed many humanrights violations while governing the Congo. The people in hiscountry did not worry though. They were distracted because KingLeopold built many things for them in Belgium with the money hemade from the Congo.
The Berlin Conference
On 15 November 1884, aninternational conference wasconvened in Berlin. ThirteenEuropean nations attended. TheUnited States also came. Thereason for the conference was toorganize the colonization of Africa. The imperialist countrieswanted to make rules for how tomake African colonies part of their country. Also they wanted tomake rules about how to make and change the borders of Africancolonies. King Leopold thought he could use these rules to takecontrol of the Congo.
Why Did Leopold Want to Make the Congo His Colony?
The natural resources of the Congo were mostimportant to Leopold's plans. Copper rapidly became one of the colony's major exports. Theharvesting of ivory and rubber was also profitable.These industries all relied primarily on indigenouslabor.The companies forced nativeAfricans to work for them. In an effort to increaseexports, Belgiumcharged Congolese atax, which they could pay in rubber. Another law required Africans towork 40 hours a monthfor the state (the government). Other laws saidnative Africans had work in construction, makefood, and work for the military
The Effects of Imperialism in the Congo
Local agents of Leopold's administrationwere given much power to enforce the laws.Entire villages were heldresponsible for makingenough rubber, and their women and chiefswould usually be held captive until thevillage made the rubber. The chicotte, ahippo-hide whip, was widely used to punishing people if they did not follow therules of the government. It was notuncommon for workers to be beaten to death with this instrument.Sometimes, company officials and armed African soldiers wouldset themselves up as local kings or even gods, killing andmutilating people who spoke out against them. There are manystories of soldiers and officials returning from expeditions withstrings of ears or collections of amputated hands.Leopold did make a lot of money from the Congo, much of whichhe spent on lavish public projects in country, Belgium. The Congowas eventually taken from Leopold's control and made a Belgiancolony. This was because too many people heard about the effectLeopold and his officials had in the Congo.
QuickTimeª and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressorare needed to see this picture.

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
margaret1224 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->