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Table Of Contents

Philippe II Auguste (1165–1223)
Louis VIII (1223–1226)
Louis IX or Saint Louis (1214–1270)
Philippe IV le Bel (1285–1314)
Chronological Summary: 1337–1453
On the Eve of the Hundred Years War36
France’s Recovery under Charles V (1364–1380)
The Reign of Charles VI
Armagnacs against Bourguignons
The Hundred Years War
Joan of Arc (Jeanne d’Arc)
The End of the Hundred Years War
Consequences of the Hundred Years War
Chronological Summary: 1461–1515
The Reign of Louis XI (1461–1483)
The Papacy in Avignon
France’s Sudden Attraction to Italy: Why?
Louis XII
Historical and Cultural Survey of the Middle Ages
The Name “Moyen Age” (“Middle Ages”)
The Feudal System
Life within the Feudal System
The Church
The Medieval Crusades
The First Crusade (1096–1099)
From the Fourth to the Eighth Crusade
Consequences of the Crusades
Birth of Universities
The Organization of Universities
Brief Survey of French Medieval Literature
Hagiographic and Epic Texts74
Poetry during the Hundred Years War
Bourgeois Literature
Medieval Drama86
Comic Theatre
Didactic Literature87
The Fabliaux90
Conclusion: France at the End of the Middle Ages
The Sixteenth Century: The Renaissance
Some Dates
Renaissance Humanism
A Renaissance Prince: François Ier
The Reformation and the Wars of Religion
The Wars
Louis XIV’s Royal Absolutism
Colbert and Finances
Louis XIV and Religion
The Reign of Louis XV
Louis XVI (1774–1792)135
A Cultural Survey of the Eighteenth Century
The Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte
The Consulate (1799–1804)
Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte becomes President
1852–1870: Napoléon III and the Second Empire
France from 1871 to 1914
The Third Republic (1871–1889)
The Dreyfus Case 1894–1906
Consequences of the Dreyfus Affair185
Europe at the Eve of World War I
A Conflict Brooding
The War
France after World War I
A Terrible Crisis
France’s Decline at the Eve of World War II
The Grand Illusion of Peace
The Second World War (1939–1945)
The Aftermath of World War II200
The Fourth Republic: 1946–1958
From the Fourth to the Fifth Republic
The Fifth Republic
The May 1968 Student-Worker Uprising
De Gaulle’s Foreign Policy
After de Gaulle
The Political Institutions of France1
National Elections
Senatorial Elections
The Presidential Elections
European Elections
The Presidency
The President of the Republic, Head of the Nation
The French Government
The Parliament: National Assembly and Senate
The Various Government Councils
Metropolitan France
Departments and Communes
French Regions
The French System of Justice
Capital Punishment
French Political Parties
The Socialist Party (PS = Le Parti Socialiste)
The Ecology Party and Génération Ecologie
L’Union pour la Démocratie Française (UDF)
Le Rassemblement pour la République (RPR)
Le Front National (FN)
A New Right-Wing Political Party Announced
France and International Organizations
France under Jacques Chirac (1995 to Present)
Political Celebrations
The Situation before World War II
Franco-European Relations
France’s Relations with Africa
Franco-American Relations
French Economy Today (1998–1999)
France’s Economic Handicaps
France’s Economic Assets
More Progress in Sight
French Economy: Some Important Factors
French Shipping
The French Railroad System, SNCF
The Normandy Bridges
French Industry
French Salaries
Trade Unions (Syndicats)
French Consumers
French Finances, Banking and Taxes
Agricultural Production and Exports
National Defense
France’s Economic Quality of Life
Brief History of French Education
Education and Health
The Grandes Ecoles
Le Collège de France
French Universities
L’Université de Paris XII and Its Satellites
The Family
The Poor
Death and Funeral Rites
The Condition of Women
Authority Contested
Life Expectancy/Longevity
The French and Their Cult of Health
After the Mad Cow Disease
The French Paradox
Concerns About the Environment and Pollution
Leisure Activities and Holidays
The Press and Publishing
French Celebrated Holidays
French Culture
Cultural Celebrations and Events
The French Language
Regional Minority Languages, Dialects and Patois
Cultural Outlook of France since 1945
Some Aspects of French Behavior
The French in Public
Some Trivia: The French and Lighting
Dealing with Holidays and Short Vacations
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France Past and Present - Guy R Mermier

France Past and Present - Guy R Mermier



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Published by pmkrishn1968

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Published by: pmkrishn1968 on Feb 23, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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