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Chemistry for IIT Preparation

Chemistry for IIT Preparation

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Published by Apex Institute
Apex institute for IIT-JEE is the institution of making IITians in the Ghaziabad. It is the Institute in Indirapuram to making IITians (Eng..).
Its mission is to upgrade the teaching profession by providing high quality education and training to students who will be the industry's future engineers.
Objectives
The Institute performs the five basic functions of teaching, fulfilling the following objectives:
1. Highly experienced & highly qualified recruitments and specialized training of faculty members.
2. Providing study material (specially in house designed) as per requirement
3. Teaching methodology and conduct periodical exams.
4. Framing of test papers based on Latest Examination pattern.
5. Course Co-ordination.
Apex institute for IIT-JEE is the institution of making IITians in the Ghaziabad. It is the Institute in Indirapuram to making IITians (Eng..).
Its mission is to upgrade the teaching profession by providing high quality education and training to students who will be the industry's future engineers.
Objectives
The Institute performs the five basic functions of teaching, fulfilling the following objectives:
1. Highly experienced & highly qualified recruitments and specialized training of faculty members.
2. Providing study material (specially in house designed) as per requirement
3. Teaching methodology and conduct periodical exams.
4. Framing of test papers based on Latest Examination pattern.
5. Course Co-ordination.

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Published by: Apex Institute on Feb 27, 2013
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06/10/2014

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FIITJEE
CHEMICAL BONDING
 
Work Book Exercises
 
Reasoning
 
1.
Arrange the gaseous hydrogen halides in order of decreasing dipole moment and
explain it.
 
1.
 
HF HC
l
HB
r
HI
The electronegativitiy of halogen decrease from F to I which decreases the value of
.
2.
Arrange methyl halides in increasing dipole moment CH
3
F, CH
3
Cl, CH
3
Br, CH
3
I and give
explanation.
 
2.
 
CH
3
I CH
3
Br CH
3
F
CH
3
Cl
 The order generally follows decrease in electronegativity of halogens. But CH
3
F ishaving lesser than CH
3
Cl because C – F bond distance is much smaller than C – 
Cl,which tends to decrease the value of even though F is more electronegativity than Cl.
 
3.
 
Give molecular orbital electronic structure for (a) C
2
; (b) N
2
; (c) NO; (d) CN; (e) O
2
.
3.
 
a)
 
222222y2z
C((12e)1s,*1s,2s,*2s,
2p2p
 
b)
 
2222222yx2z
N((14e)1s,*1s,2s,*2s2p2p
2p
 
c)
 
CN
 – 
(14e
 – 
) similar to nitrogen
 
d)
 
2222221yy22x21zz
O(16e)1s,*1s,2s,*2s2p*2p*2s,2p2p*2p
 
4.
 
Give the bond order for each in question 3.
 
4.
 
--
no. of e in bond molecular orbital-no. of ein anti-bonding molecular orbital
B.O =
2
 
 
FIITJEE
a)
 
2
84CB.O.22
 
b)
 
2
104NB.O.32
 
c)
 105NOB.O.2.52
 
d)
 104CNB.O.32
 
e)
 
2
106OB.O.22
 
5.
 
Why dipole moment of CHCl
3
is less than that of CH
2
Cl
2
.
Cl
HH
ClCl
H
ClClNet momentNet moment
 
In CH
2
Cl
2
all bond moment reinforce each other while in CHCl
3
the bond moment of oneof Cl apposes the net moment of the other two. This is also supposed by experimental
values of dipole moment
322
CHClCHCl
1.001.60.
True or False
 
1.
 
All molecules with polar bonds have dipole moment.
 
1.
 
False
 
2.
 
AgCl is more covalent than KCl
.
2.
 
True
 
3.
 
The H
 – N – 
H bond angle in NH
3
is greater than H
 – 
As
 – 
H bond angle in AsH
3
.
3.
 
True
 
4.
 
The bond order of O
2 –2
, F
2
and Li
2
species is same
 
4.
 
True
 5.
BaSO
4
is in soluble because solvation energy is more than that lattice energy.
 5.
False
 
 
 
FIITJEE
6.
I
3 – 
has linear structure however one of the iodine atom undergoes sp
3
d hybridisation.
 
6.
 
True
 
7.
 
Intramolecular hydrogen bonding decreases the solubility of compound in water.
 
7.
 
True
 
8.
 
The metallic bonds are directional in nature.
 
8.
 
False
 
9.
 
Higher change and smaller size order a cation toughly polarising.
 
9.
 
True
 
10.
 
LiF is less ionic than LiI.
 
10.
 
False
 
Fill in the blanks
 
1.
 
Of the compounds BeO, MgO and BaaO ____________ is more ionic.
 
1.
 
BaO
 
2.
 
In P
4
O
10
, the no. of oxygen atoms bonded to each phosphorus atom is ____________ 
 
2.
4
3.
 
Out of N
2
, N
2+
, O
2
, O
2+
, ____________ is diamagnetic.
 
3.
N
2
4.
 
The angle between two covalent bonds is maximum ____________ (CH
4
, NH
3
, H
2
O).
 
4.
 
CH
4
5.
 
The hybridization of P in PCl
4+
is ____________ and the geometry is ____________.
 
5.
 
sp
3
, tetrahedral
 
6.
 
The dipole moment of CH
3
OH is ____________ than that of CH
3
OH.
 
6.
 
more
 
7.
Comparatively low melting point and insolubility in water of AlCl
3
is explained by
 ____________ rule.
 
7.
 
Fajan’s
 

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