model. These information processing theories of memory are just based on similarity of human brain operation and the computer. According to the stage theory of memory basedon Atkinson & Shiffrin.1968; Baddeley, 1999, assume that humans have a three-stagememory that meets our need to store information for different lengths of time. The threestages are known as the sensory register, short-term memory, and long-term memory.
The first stage of memory was the sensory register, defined as an exact image of eachsensory experience is held briefly until it can be processed (Psychology an introduction,Benjamin B. Lahey, Ninth Edition). In this stage the sensory memory retains an exactcopy of what it’s seen and or heard. The information that had been stored in this stage isnot last long where it only can lasts for a few seconds.“The copy of each sensory experience in the sensory registers long enough to locate andfocus on relevant bits of information and transfer them into the next stage of memory. For visual information, this “snapshot” fades very quickly, probably lasting about one-quarter of a second in most case. For auditory information, a vivid image of what we hear isretained for about the same length of time, one-quarter of a second (Cowan, 1987).”
Short-term Memory (STM)
Second stage was short-terms memory which five to nine bits of information can bestored for brief periods of time (Psychology an introduction, Benjamin B. Lahey, NinthEdition). The objective in this stage was to encode sensory register information into a