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Renewable and Distributed Power in California

Renewable and Distributed Power in California

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Published by Hoover Institution
California and many other U.S. states will see more changes in their electricity systems over the next 15 years than they have in the past half-century. California has embarked upon an unprecedented effort to change, rapidly and fundamentally, the state’s electricity supply and delivery system. Utility-scale, fossil-fired power plants are being phased down. A new system driven by renewable and distributed power of all sizes and technologies, owned by customers, utilities, and third parties alike, is being put in place. An overlay of demand-side resources and new information technology is likewise expanding. These ambitions have been crystallized through the state’s climate
change law (AB 32) and net zero energy goals, the law mandating the use of renewable power for 33% of California’s electricity supply by 2020, and by Governor Brown’s goals to develop 12,000 MW of distributed generation by 2020 and 6,500 MW of combined heat and power (CHP) by 2030.
California and many other U.S. states will see more changes in their electricity systems over the next 15 years than they have in the past half-century. California has embarked upon an unprecedented effort to change, rapidly and fundamentally, the state’s electricity supply and delivery system. Utility-scale, fossil-fired power plants are being phased down. A new system driven by renewable and distributed power of all sizes and technologies, owned by customers, utilities, and third parties alike, is being put in place. An overlay of demand-side resources and new information technology is likewise expanding. These ambitions have been crystallized through the state’s climate
change law (AB 32) and net zero energy goals, the law mandating the use of renewable power for 33% of California’s electricity supply by 2020, and by Governor Brown’s goals to develop 12,000 MW of distributed generation by 2020 and 6,500 MW of combined heat and power (CHP) by 2030.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Hoover Institution on Feb 27, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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04/06/2014

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Smomwhcfm hog Gbstrbcutmg Ykwmr bo Nhfblkrobh 
Ekkvmr Bostbtutbko
^tholkrg ]obvmrsbty
Jmrmdy Nhrf
Gbho Arumombne 
Ghvbg Lmgkr
Nhrh Akfgmocmra
Botrkguntbko
Nhfbkrobh hog dhoy ktemr ]/^/ sthtms wbff smm dkrm nehoams bo tembr mfmntrbnbty systmdskvmr tem omxt 8= ymhrs teho temy ehvm bo tem phst ehf$nmotury/ Nhfbkrobh ehs mdchr`mgupko ho uoprmnmgmotmg mkrt tk nehoam& rhpbgfy hog uoghdmothffy& tem sthtm‒smfmntrbnbty suppfy hog gmfbvmry systmd/ ]tbfbty$snhfm& kssbf$rmg pkwmr pfhots hrmcmboa pehsmg gkwo/ H omw systmd grbvmo cy rmomwhcfm hog gbstrbcutmg pkwmr k hffsbzms hog tmneokfkabms& kwomg cy nustkdmrs& utbfbtbms& hog tebrg phrtbms hfb`m& bs cmboaput bo pfhnm/ Ho kvmrfhy k gmdhog$sbgm rmskurnms hog omw bokrdhtbko tmneokfkay bsfb`mwbsm mxphogboa/ Wemsm hdcbtbkos ehvm cmmo nrysthffbzmg terkuae tem sthtm‒s nfbdhtmnehoam fhw %HC >3"
8
hog omt zmrk momray akhfs&
3
tem fhw dhoghtboa tem usm k rmomwhcfmpkwmr kr >>- k Nhfbkrobh‒s mfmntrbnbty suppfy cy 3939&
>
hog cy Akvmrokr Crkwo‒s akhfstk gmvmfkp 83&999 DQ k gbstrbcutmg amomrhtbko cy 3939 hog <&=99 DQ k nkdcbomgemht hog pkwmr %NEY" cy 39>9/
7
Qebfm dune nkddmothry ehs knusmg ko tem tmneokfkabnhf hspmnts k rmomwhcfm hoggbstrbcutmg pkwmr gmvmfkpdmot& fbttfm httmotbko ehs cmmo phbg tk h uoghdmothfqumstbko‗hrm tem trhgbtbkohf mfmntrbn systmd rmaufhtkr hog utbfbty bostbtutbkohfstrunturms sunbmot tk suppkrt tebs dhssbvm trhoskrdhtbko;‗hog& b okt& wehtnehoams hrm ommgmg; Webs phpmr smm`s tk hoswmr teht qumstbko/ Bt knusms ko Nhfbkrobhcmnhusm bts rmomwhcfm hog gbstrbcutmg momray mkrts hrm hdkoa tem dkst hr$rmhneboabo tem ]obtmg ^thtms/ Cut tem bdpfbnhtbkos hrm hppfbnhcfm tk tem sunnmss k hdcbtbkusrmomwhcfm hog gbstrbcutmg pkwmr gmvmfkpdmot akhfs terkuaekut tem ]obtmg ^thtms/^trmss bo tem bostbtutbkohf strunturm k Nhfbkrobh‒s mfmntrbnbty systmd nho hfrmhgy cmkcsmrvmg/ Nhfbkrobh ehs 88 prkarhds kr rmomwhcfm pkwmr gmvmfkpdmot& wbte gbmrboaakhfs& tbdmfboms& hog nrbtmrbh/ Mfmntrbn utbfbtbms hrm krmnhstboa bonrmhsmg nksts hog rhtms
HO MOMSAR YKFBNR M^^HR
Smomwhcfm hog GbstrbcutmgYkwmr bo Nhfbkrobh
^bdpfbyboa tem Smaufhtkry Dhzm‗ Dh`boa tem Yhte kr tem Luturm 
^euftz$^tmpemosko Whs` Lkrnm ko Momray Ykfbny
www/ekkvmr/kra+ths`krnms+momray$pkfbny 
 
Smomwhcfm hog Gbstrbcutmg Ykwmr bo Nhfblkrobh 
 
3
Ekkvmr Bostbtutbko
^tholkrg ]obvmrsbty
htmr gmnhgms k rmfhtbvm sthcbfbty/ Mqubthcfm hffknhtbko k temsm nksts hnrkss nkosudmrswbte gbmrmot hog okvmf mfmntrbnbty smrvbnm ommgs wbff fb`mfy rmqubrm dhjkr nehoams bophst prhntbnms/Kom uogmrfyboa strunturhf nhusm bs tem Nhfbkrobh mfmntrbnbty systmd‒s rmaufhtkry hogbostbtutbkohf rhdmwkr`& webne bs ths`mg wbte bdpfmdmotboa tem sthtm‒s nfmho momrayakhfs/ Wermm dhjkr sthtm hamonbms& wbte tem hggbtbko k ho bogmpmogmot trhosdbssbkosystmd kpmrhtkr& tem Akvmrokr‒s knm& hog tem Fmabsfhturm& hrm hff bovkfvmg/ Qebfm temfmhgmrsebp hog sth ehvm sbaobnhotfy bonrmhsmg nkkpmrhtbvm mkrts& temrm hrm smrbkusahps hog kvmrfhps bo rmaufhtkry kvmrsbaet/ Ok sboafm sthtm motbty bs bo nehram kbotmarhtboa bobtbhtbvms hog hggrmssboa ahps& gmnbsbko dh`boa bs sfkw hog sbfkmg& hog‗dkst bdpkrthotfy‗temrm bs ok nkoskfbghtmg rkhgdhp hog gmnbsbko$dh`boa snemgufm/Hoktemr uoghdmothf prkcfmd bs tem bonrmhsboafy kutdkgmg cusbomss dkgmf k utbfbtbms/Hs Nhfbkrobh smm`s tk trhoskrd bts mfmntrbnbty systmd& bovmstkr$kwomg utbfbtbms hnm hrmaufhtkry systmd teht pmohfbzms bookvhtbko hog rbs`$th`boa& h pktmotbhffy gbdbobsemgsmrvbnm chsm& hog ho uohdbfbhr& nkdpmtbtbvm momray$smrvbnm fhogsnhpm/ Omw& oko$utbfbtymotrhots tk tem mfmntrbnbty smntkr prkvbgm h vhrbmty k smrvbnms& skdmtbdms bo nkdpmtbtbkowbte utbfbtbms& cut ok susthbohcfm rkhgdhp ehs cmmo gmvmfkpmg kr tembr rkfm/ Wem fhn`k utbfbty bonmotbvms hog h vbhcfm& nkdpmtbtbvm smrvbnms rhdmwkr` bs sfkwboa prbvhtmbovmstdmot hog sthffboa tmneokfkay hgkptbko/Nhfbkrobh‒s sbtuhtbko bffustrhtms tem prkcfmd k tryboa tk trhoskrd tem peysbnhfmfmntrbnbty arbg webfm kofy dhrabohffy hgjustboa tem rmaufhtkry hog akvmrohonmmovbrkodmot teht surrkuogs bt/ Nhfbkrobh‒s mxpmrbmonm suaamsts teht ho hdcbtbkussnhfm$up k utbfbty$snhfm rmomwhcfms hog gbstrbcutmg pkwmr systmds rmqubrms homquhffy hdcbtbkus strunturhf rmkrd bo tem mxbstboa rmaufhtkry rhdmwkr` hog temtrhgbtbkohf rmaufhtmg utbfbty cusbomss dkgmf/Bs temrm h phte krwhrg tk mosurm teht tem bostbtutbkohf rhdmwkr`‗kr rmaufhtkrs&utbfbtbms& nustkdmrs& hog omw motrhots hfb`m‗nho okt kofy wbtesthog cut hfsk rhpbgfymvkfvm tk suppkrt tem mquhffy rhpbg mvkfutbko k ho mfmntrbnbty systmd fmhoboa tkwhrgsrmomwhcfms& gbstrbcutmg amomrhtbko& hog bonrmhsboafy skpebstbnhtmg nustkdmrs; Wemhoswmr bs ‖yms/—
Ok sboafm sthtm motbty bs bo nehram k botmarhtboa bobtbhtbvms hog hggrmssboa ahps& gmnbsbko dh`boabs sfkw hog sbfkmg& hog‗dkst bdpkrthotfy‗temrm bs ok nkoskfbghtmg rkhgdhp hog gmnbsbko$dh`boa snemgufm/Hs Nhfbkrobh smm`s tk trhoskrd bts mfmntrbnbty systmd& bovmstkr$kwomg utbfbtbms hnm h rmaufhtkrysystmd teht pmohfbzms bookvhtbko hog rbs`$th`boa& h pktmotbhffy gbdbobsemg smrvbnm chsm& hog houohdbfbhr& nkdpmtbtbvm momray$smrvbnm fhogsnhpm/
 
Smomwhcfm hog Gbstrbcutmg Ykwmr bo Nhfblkrobh 
 
>
Ekkvmr Bostbtutbko
^tholkrg ]obvmrsbty
Bdprkvmdmots nho cm dhgm& wbtekut gmsbaoboa h omw bostbtutbkohf strunturm rkdsnrhtne/ Qebfm tem trmhtboa k skdm k tem nurrmot sydptkds wbff cm rmfhtbvmfystrhbaetkrwhrg& hggrmssboa tembr rkkt nhusms wbff rmqubrm sbaobnhot hggbtbkohfnehoams/ Qbtekut sune rmkrds& Nhfbkrobh‒s hcbfbty tk hnebmvm bts nfmho momraytrhoskrdhtbko akhfs webfm okt jmkphrgbzboa bts rmfbhcfm hog hkrghcfm mfmntrbnbtysystmd bs ht rbs`/Kur rmnkddmoghtbkos tk hggrmss temsm bostbtutbkohf bssums bonfugm tem kffkwboa:
^ekrt Wmrd: 
•
Bgmotby h fmhg hamony hog gmvmfkp h nkoskfbghtmg prkarhd gknudmot&bdpfmdmothtbko rkhgdhp %h sthrtboa pkbot nkufg cm tem Nhfbkrobh MomrayNkddbssbko‒s rmnmotfy rmfmhsmg grht& ‖Smomwhcfm Hntbko Yfho—"& hog hamonygmnbsbko$dh`boa snemgufm kr Nhfbkrobh‒s rmomwhcfm hog gbstrbcutmg rmskurnmsakhfs& wbte pucfbn dmmtboas tk rmpkrt prkarmss/
•
Yucfbnfy rmfmhsm prkarhd nksts hog hntbvmfy bgmotby pktmotbhf systmdbn mnkokdbnhog kpmrhtbkohf rbs`s/
•
Hggrmss tem prkcfmds boemrmot bo nkst$sebtboa tk h ohrrkw chsm k nustkdmrs hogbgmotby rhtm kptbkos teht monkurham fkoa$tmrd pucfbn suppkrt kr gbstrbcutmgpkwmr/
Fkoamr Wmrd: 
•
Msthcfbse nfmhr hamony rmspkosbcbfbty kr rmomwhcfms hog gbstrbcutmg momrayprkarhds& hog hgkpt nkosbstmot gmnbsbko$dh`boa nrbtmrbh hnrkss pfhooboa&prknurmdmot prkarhds& hog hamonbms/
•
Smkrd hamony gmnbsbko dh`boa tk nrkss hamony& pfhooboa& hog prkarhd sbfkms tkbgmotby hog rmskfvm gmvmfkpdmot rbs`s hog tk rhpbgfy mxpmgbtm tbdmfboms/
•
Gmvmfkp ho bovmstdmot pfho kr Nhfbkrobh teht bgmotbms tem uff rhoam k pkssbcfmnksts hog phtewhys tk dhxbdbzm prbvhtm bovmstdmot hog fkwmr nksts/
•
Hgkpt omw cusbomss dkgmfs kr utbfbtbms teht prkvbgm bonmotbvms tk grbvm temgmsbrmg trhoskrdhtbko bo ho mnbmot hog bookvhtbvm why& hog rmvbsm tem whyutbfbtbms hrm rmaufhtmg tk suppkrt gmnmotrhfbzhtbko k Nhfbkrobh‒s mfmntrbn systmdhog bovmstdmot bo omw tmneokfkabms/
•
Nrmhtm susthbohcfm phtewhys kr oko$utbfbty motbtbms tk prkvbgm momray smrvbnms/

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