Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
4Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Honge Tree Biomass is Centuries Old at Giving Fuel

Honge Tree Biomass is Centuries Old at Giving Fuel

Ratings: (0)|Views: 4,268|Likes:
Published by Biodiesel 101
This email is to inform you of the Honge tree for bio-energy manufactures
that need oil to create biofuel. This tree lives 50 - 100 years and it
generates a nut that is 30 - 40% oil content. This oil is a not considered
edible and it does not compete with food crops.
View our full downloadable report on this remarkable tree today at:
http://www.70centsagallon.com./Download.html.html Titled "Honge Tree Biomass Farming"
This email is to inform you of the Honge tree for bio-energy manufactures
that need oil to create biofuel. This tree lives 50 - 100 years and it
generates a nut that is 30 - 40% oil content. This oil is a not considered
edible and it does not compete with food crops.
View our full downloadable report on this remarkable tree today at:
http://www.70centsagallon.com./Download.html.html Titled "Honge Tree Biomass Farming"

More info:

Published by: Biodiesel 101 on Feb 24, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/04/2012

 
HONGE TREE BIOMASS IS CENTURIES OLD AT GIVINGFUEL & ELECTRICITY TO INDIA'S PEOPLE
TREE “HONGE MARA”Botanical name:
Pongamia Pinnata.
(Avenue tree, Kannada: Honge Hind, Bengali:Karanj)Honge oil
is derived from the
Pongamia pinnata
, which is native toIndia.
This is a non-edible oil which will not compete with food markets or contribute to rising food costs.
The Honge Tree, is an elegant tree and useful in many ways. It is a very good shade treeas it gets thickly covered with shiny green leaves. It is a medium sized tree thatgenerally attains a height of about 8 meters and a trunk diameter of more than 50 cm.Billions of trees exist all over India. It is the best substitute for Kerosene. A compactplantation can support a Biodiesel plant.The cost of the oil is highly competitive with other potential fuel oils. Most of thephysical and chemical properties of 
honge
oil are similar to those of diesel. Researchersin India have estimated that honge oil could completely replace India's consumption of petroleum-based fuels.There are environmental benefits:
It is a renewable resource; is carbon dioxide neutral and emits no sulphur. It alsooffers a way out of an imminent international carbon tax.
Honge Trees increases tree cover that, in turn, sequesters carbon dioxide.A liter of Honge oil is equivalent in performance to 1ltr=.26Gal of diesel. The effectivecost of honge oil at $150 per tonne is in stark contrast to the $460 diesel.
 
Honge Biodiesels have many advantages. lt can be used in its pure form or can beblended with diesel to form different blends. It can be used in diesel engines with verylittle or no engine modifications. This is because it has properties similar to mineraldiesel, usually nothing new to be invented to run engines. They are kinder on theengines, have a long shelf life and are biodegradable. They are cheap and renewable,they disperse profits,
are safe to store
[due to a high flash point], release no morecarbon dioxide than the trees originally consumed and have cooler, clearer exhausts.And to the delight of many investigators the exhaust from an engine on biodiesel"smells of pop corn and french fries!"Honge Flower Honge Seeds
USES:Oil
: A thick yellow-orange to brown oil is extracted from seeds. Yields of 25% of volumeare possible using a mechanical expeller. The oil has a bitter taste and a disagreeablearoma,
thus it is not considered edible and will not contribute to rises in competitivefood markets
. The oil of the Honge Tree can be used as a substitute for diesel.
Sequesters carbon-dioxide
: As mentioned, there are environmental benefits. Hongeincreases tree cover which, in turn, sequesters carbon-dioxide. It is a renewableresource; is carbon dioxide neutral and emits no sulphur; it also offers a way out of animminent international carbon tax. As field fencing, the trees serve as wind-breaks andhelp conserve moisture. The planting of trees will also prevent soil erosion.
Sustainability for rural villages
: Improves quality of life for the low-income, ruralvillagers by establishing Honge Tree groves and by individual home owners planting atree. If the seeds fallen from scattered trees are collected, and oil is extracted, a fewmillion tons of oil will be available for cooking and lighting the lamps in rural area. It is asubstitute for Kerosene. Also live stock can be fed by its fodder.http://www.himalayaninstitute.org/pdf/SeedsofHope.pdf  
Fodder and feed
: The leaves are eaten by cattle and readily consumed by goats. Itsfodder value is greatest in arid regions. The oil cake, remaining when oil is extractedfrom the seeds, is used as a poultry feed.
 
Fertilizer:
It has a rich leathery evergreen foliage, that is a wonderful manure.
Beautification:
Trees can be planted along the highways, roads for beautification and tostop soil erosion. It is often planted as an ornamental and shade tree.
Other uses
: The oil is also used as a lubricant, water-paint binder, pesticide, and in soapmaking and tanning industries. The oil is known to have value in folk medicine for thetreatment of rheumatism, as well as human and animal skin diseases. It is effective inenhancing the pigmentation of skin affected by leucoderma or scabies (ICFRE undated).Dried leaves are used as an insect repellent in stored grains. The oil cake, when appliedto the soil, has pesticidal value; particularly against nematodes and also improve soilfertility.
Wood
: Honge is commonly used as fuel wood. Its wood is medium to coarse textured.However, it is not durable, is susceptible to insect attack, and tends to split when sown.Thus the wood is not considered a quality timber. The wood is used for cabinet making,cart wheels, posts, agricultural implements, tool handles and combs.
PRODUCTION:
Goal: Production of 1,000,000 Gal of oil per/yrFrom year-3 it yields pods and production is a mature average of 160kG per tree peryear. From year-10, through its life of 100 years: Ten trees can yield 400 litres of oil,1200 kg of fertilizer grade oil cake and 2500kg of biomass as green manure per year.*96,154 trees (10 yr and older) produces 1,000,000Gal of oil per/ yr*1 Tree= 40 liters oil/10.4Gal*936(+) Gal per/ tree for 90 year life span (production from 3yr-9yr)*481 Acres are needed for planting of 96, 154 Trees.You can plant 200 plants per acre in the formation of 5 m x 4 m. You can get yield of 25to 40 kgs per tree with 30 to 35% oil content. One person can collect 180 kgs of seeds in8 hours of a day. Seed collection season in India is from December to April

Activity (4)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Ali Alali liked this
Ali Alali liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->