groups of bamboo.The first group is called monopodial bamboos.They form long and thin extensions of therhizome whose buds produce single shoots areregular intervals.The sympodial bamboos constitute the secondgroup. They have short, thick rootstocks the tipsof which produce the canes.The third group is called climbing bamboos.They can grow very irregularlyand may formimpenetrable thickets.
Geographical distribution, climaticand soil conditions
The main area of distribution are the tropics, inparticular, South-East-Asia. Bamboo grow atsea-level and can be found at altitudes of up to3800 m.Most bamboo species grow at temperaturesfrom -28°C to +50°C. Bamboos grow mainly onsandy loam to loamy clay soils. They prefer welldrained soils but grow also in wet and evenmarshy locations. They do not tolerate salinesoils.
The growth pattern of the bamboos is a singular combination of grass, leaf-bearing tree andpalm.Like the grasses they have tubular blades,lancet-shaped cover leaves and panicular flowers and from a subterranean rootstockbranch extensively to form dense to loosebushes. The following characteristics distinguishbamboos from grasses: the longevity of their canes, their branching and the lignification.Like leafbearing trees they increase their crownevery year by throwing out new branches andalso shed their leaves each year.The growth pattern of the trunk is similar to thatof the palm tree. Emerging with its definitivecircumference from the soil without increasing indiameter later. The species "Guaduaangustifolia" will reach lenth of up to 20 - 25 mwith a diameter of 12 cm.