The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association (JEPHAss.), Vol.80 N
.3& 4, 2005 .
Physical hazards, which are mainly associated with variousfoundry processes are noise, vibration and heat.
The foundry industry includes; pourers, moulders, core workersand cleaning room operators in addition to crane operators, electriciansand welders.Foundry workers accidents can result in injuries from (i) manualand mechanical materials handling; (ii) work equipment andmachinery; (iii) walking and working surfaces; (iv) foreign particles inthe eye; (v) contact with hot material; (vi) falling objects and (vii) fireand explosion.
Manual materials handling is the most prevalent causes of injury tofoundry workers due to overexertion and poor lifting techniques.
Traumatic injuries and burns have been received by workershandling castings, hot core and molten metal because of inadequatepersonal protective equipment and poor work practices.
Semiautomatic and automatic machinery presented hazards frommoving parts and flying or ejected materials. Improper maintenance,repair, guarding and use of grinders and abrasive wheels may alsoresult in worker injury. Poor house keeping and poorly lighted arearesult in slips, trips and other types of falls on walking and workingsurfaces.
Higher temperature environment foundry increases the strength onmechanical handling devices. In addition, some of these devices arecontinuously vibrating, resulting in mechanical stress on nuts, bolts,chains and cables; which eventually may result in equipment failure,may lead to major explosions, fires, spills and burns.