VOL 339 4 JANUARY 2013
page 91pages 42 & 52
A Stringent Limit on a DriftingProton-to-Electron Mass Ratio fromAlcohol in the Early Universe
The proton-to-electron mass ratio inferredfrom methanol lines in a distant galaxyis in accord with the laboratory value.
Alignment of Magnetized AccretionDisks and Relativistic Jets withSpinning Black Holes
J. C. McKinney
Numerical simulations reveal a previouslyunknown mechanism to align accretion disksand jets with rotating black holes.
Negative Absolute Temperature forMotional Degrees of Freedom
A gas of potassium atoms in an opticallattice displays an inverted populationof energy levels.
>> Perspective p. 42
Current-Driven Spin Dynamics ofArtiﬁcially Constructed Quantum Magnets
A. A. Khajetoorians
Spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopyis used to exert the spin-transfer torque on asmall atomic cluster.
Strategic Redox Relay Enables a ScalableSynthesis of Ouabagenin, a BioactiveCardenolide
A synthesis showcases multiple creativeindirect methods of selectively hydroxylatingsaturated carbon centers.
Hydrogen-Nitrogen Greenhouse Warmingin Earth’s Early Atmosphere
R. Wordsworth and R. Pierrehumbert
Absorption of solar radiation associatedwith H
collisions may have been keyto warming the atmosphere of early Earth.
>> Perspective p. 44
Highly Variable El Niño–SouthernOscillation Throughout the Holocene
K. M. Cobb
Coral records show the El Niño–SouthernOscillation may be less sensitive to pastclimate forcing than previously thought.
The Spatial and Temporal Origin ofChandelier Cells in Mouse Neocortex
Chandelier interneurons migrate alongwell-deﬁned paths as they mingle withpyramidal neurons to build circuits.
An Update of Wallace’s ZoogeographicRegions of the World
B. G. Holt
Mapping the geographic distribution andphylogenetic relationships of 21,037vertebrate species yields 11 realms.
Crocodile Head Scales Are NotDevelopmental Units But Emergefrom Physical Cracking
M. C. Milinkovitch
Tension-induced cracks generate randompolygonal scales in the keratinized skinon crocodile heads and jaws.
Translation Elongation Factor EF-PAlleviates Ribosome Stalling atPolyproline Stretches
EF-P Is Essential for Rapid Synthesis ofProteins Containing Consecutive ProlineResidues
L. K. Doerfel
A universally conserved translation factorfacilitates synthesis of peptides that wouldotherwise cause ribosome stalling.
>> Perspective p. 38
-Aminosalicylic Acid Acts as anAlternative Substrate of Folate Metabolismin
A drug used against tuberculosis for the past50 years is a metabolic poison and not anenzyme inhibitor.
Dynamic Persistence of Antibiotic-StressedMycobacteria
Bacterial cells that divide before a pulseof catalase expression survive the applicationof the antibiotic isoniazid.
The End of History Illusion
Even though we know that we’ve changed overthe years, we believe, mistakenly, that wewon’t change much in the future.
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