Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
NACE_Std._TM0497-2002

NACE_Std._TM0497-2002

Ratings: (0)|Views: 35 |Likes:
Published by Damita de Peña

More info:

Published by: Damita de Peña on Feb 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/21/2013

pdf

text

original

 
StandardTest MethodMeasurement Techniques Related to Criteria forCathodic Protection on Underground orSubmerged Metallic Piping Systems
This NACE International standard represents a consensus of those individual members who havereviewed this document, its scope, and provisions. Its acceptance does not in any respectpreclude anyone, whether he has adopted the standard or not, from manufacturing, marketing,purchasing, or using products, processes, or procedures not in conformance with this standard.Nothing contained in this NACE International standard is to be construed as granting any right, byimplication or otherwise, to manufacture, sell, or use in connection with any method, apparatus, orproduct covered by Letters Patent, or as indemnifying or protecting anyone against liability forinfringement of Letters Patent. This standard represents minimum requirements and should in noway be interpreted as a restriction on the use of better procedures or materials. Neither is thisstandard intended to apply in all cases relating to the subject. Unpredictable circumstances maynegate the usefulness of this standard in specific instances. NACE International assumes noresponsibility for the interpretation or use of this standard by other parties and acceptsresponsibility for only those official NACE International interpretations issued by NACEInternational in accordance with its governing procedures and policies which preclude theissuance of interpretations by individual volunteers.Users of this NACE International standard are responsible for reviewing appropriate health, safety,environmental, and regulatory documents and for determining their applicability in relation to thisstandard prior to its use. This NACE International standard may not necessarily address allpotential health and safety problems or environmental hazards associated with the use ofmaterials, equipment, and/or operations detailed or referred to within this standard. Users of thisNACE International standard are also responsible for establishing appropriate health, safety, andenvironmental protection practices, in consultation with appropriate regulatory authorities ifnecessary, to achieve compliance with any existing applicable regulatory requirements prior to theuse of this standard.CAUTIONARY NOTICE: NACE International standards are subject to periodic review, and may berevised or withdrawn at any time without prior notice. NACE International requires that action betaken to reaffirm, revise, or withdraw this standard no later than five years from the date of initialpublication. The user is cautioned to obtain the latest edition. Purchasers of NACE Internationalstandards may receive current information on all standards and other NACE Internationalpublications by contacting the NACE International Membership Services Department, 1440 SouthCreek Drive, Houston, Texas 77084-4906 (telephone +1 281/228-6200).Reaffirmed 2002-04-11Approved 1997-12-22NACE International1440 South Creek DriveHouston, Texas 77084-4906+1 281/228-6200ISBN 1-57590-047-5 ©2002, NACE International
NACE Standard TM0497-2002Item No. 21231
 
TM0497-2002NACE International i ________________________________________________________________________ Foreword
This NACE International standard test method provides descriptions of the measurementtechniques and cautionary measures most commonly used on underground piping to determinewhether a specific criterion has been complied with at a test site. This test method includes onlythose measurement techniques that relate to the criteria or special conditions, such as a netprotective current, contained in NACE Standard RP0169.
1
This test method is intended for use bycorrosion control personnel concerned with the corrosion of buried underground or submergedpiping systems, including oil, gas, water, and similar structures.The measurement techniques described require that the measurements be made in the field.Because the measurements are obtained under widely varying circumstances of field conditionsand pipeline design, this standard is not as prescriptive as those NACE standard test methods thatuse laboratory measurements. Instead, this standard gives the user latitude to make testingdecisions in the field based on the technical facts available.This standard contains instrumentation and general measurement guidelines. It includes methodsfor voltage drop considerations when making pipe-to-electrolyte potential measurements andprovides guidance to prevent incorrect data from being collected and used.The measurement techniques provided in this standard were compiled from information submittedby committee members and others with expertise on the subject. Variations or other techniquesnot included may be equally effective. The complexity and diversity of environmental conditionsmay require the use of other techniques.Appendix A contains information on the common types, use, and maintenance of referenceelectrodes. Appendix B contains information for the net protective current technique, which, whilenot a criterion, is a useful technique to reduce corrosion. Appendix C contains informationregarding the use of coupons to evaluate cathodic protection. While some engineers use thesetechniques, they are not universally accepted practices. However, there is ongoing research intotheir use.The test methods in this standard were originally prepared by NACE Task Group T-10A-3 on TestMethods and Measurement Techniques Related to Cathodic Protection Criteria, a component ofUnit Committee T-10A on Cathodic Protection. It was reviewed by Task Group 020 and reaffirmedin 2002 by Specific Technology Group (STG) 35 on Pipelines, Tanks, and Well Casings. Thisstandard is issued by NACE under the auspices of STG 35.In NACE standards, the terms
shall 
,
must 
,
should 
, and
may 
are used in accordance with thedefinitions of these terms in the
NACE Publications Style Manual 
, 4th ed., Paragraph 7.4.1.9.
Shall 
and
must 
are used to state mandatory requirements.
Should 
is used to state that which is consideredgood and is recommended but is not absolutely mandatory.
May 
is used to state that which isconsidered optional.
 ________________________________________________________________________ 
 
TM0497-2002ii NACE International ________________________________________________________________________ 
NACE InternationalStandardTest MethodMeasurement Techniques Related to Criteriafor Cathodic Protection on Undergroundor Submerged Metallic Piping Systems
Contents
1. General......................................................................................................................... 12. Definitions..................................................................................................................... 13. Safety Considerations .................................................................................................. 34. Instrumentation and Measurement Guidelines............................................................. 35. Pipe-to-Electrolyte Potential Measurements ................................................................ 46. Causes of Measurement Errors................................................................................... 77. Voltage Drops Other Than Across the Pipe Metal/Electrolyte Interface....................... 88. Test Method 1—Negative 850 mV Pipe-to-Electrolyte Potentialof Steel and Cast Iron Piping With Cathodic Protection Applied................................ 109. Test Method 2—Negative 850 mV Polarized Pipe-to-ElectrolytePotential of Steel and Cast Iron Piping....................................................................... 1110. Test Method 3—100 mV Cathodic Polarizationof Steel, Cast Iron, Aluminum, and Copper Piping..................................................... 13References........................................................................................................................ 17Bibliography ...................................................................................................................... 17Appendix A: Reference Electrodes.................................................................................. 18Appendix B: Net Protective Current................................................................................. 19Appendix C: Using Coupons to Determine Adequacy of Cathodic Protection................. 25FiguresFigure 1: Instrument Connections...................................................................................... 6Figure 2: Pipe-to-Electrolyte Potential Corrections for Pipeline Current Flow.................... 9Figure 3: Cathodic Polarization Curves............................................................................ 14Figure B1: Surface Potential Survey................................................................................ 23Figure B2: Pipe-to-Electrolyte Potential Survey of aNoncathodically Protected Pipeline............................................................................. 24
 ________________________________________________________________________ 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->