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Perry: Amicus Brief of Gay and Lesbian Medical Association

Perry: Amicus Brief of Gay and Lesbian Medical Association

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Published by Equality Case Files
Hollingsworth v. Perry: Amicus brief of Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality (Gay and Lesbian Medical Association) Concerning the Immutability of Sexual Orientation in support of Plaintiffs
Hollingsworth v. Perry: Amicus brief of Health Professionals Advancing LGBT Equality (Gay and Lesbian Medical Association) Concerning the Immutability of Sexual Orientation in support of Plaintiffs

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Equality Case Files on Feb 28, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/08/2013

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No. 12-144
================================================================
In The
Supreme Court of the United States
---------------------------------
---------------------------------DENNIS HOLLINGSWORTH, ET AL.,
 Petitioners,
v.KRISTIN M. PERRY, ET AL.,
 Respondents.
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
On Writ Of Certiorari To TheUnited States Court Of AppealsFor The Ninth Circuit
---------------------------------
---------------------------------
BRIEF OF
 AMICUS CURIAE
GLMA:HEALTH PROFESSIONALS ADVANCINGLGBT EQUALITY (GAY AND LESBIANMEDICAL ASSOCIATION) CONCERNINGTHE IMMUTABILITY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATIONIN SUPPORT OF AFFIRMANCE ON THE MERITS
---------------------------------
---------------------------------H
ECTOR
 ARGAS
,Executive DirectorGLMA: H
EALTH
 
P
ROFESSIONALS
 
 A 
DVANCING
 
LGBT E
QUALITY 
 1326 18th Street, NW,Suite 22Washington, DC 20036(202) 600-8037
 
February 26, 2013
 
N
ICHOLAS
M.O’D
ONNELL
 
Counsel of Record
 S
ULLIVAN
& W
ORCESTER
LLPOne Post Office SquareBoston, MA 02109(617) 338-2800nodonnell@sandw.com
 
Counsel for Amicus CuriaeGLMA: Health ProfessionalsAdvancingLGBT Equality
================================================================
COCKLE LAW BRIEF PRINTING CO. (800) 225-6964OR CALL COLLECT (402) 342-2831
 
iTABLE OF CONTENTSPageSTATEMENT OF INTEREST OF
 AMICUSCURIAE
GLMA: HEALTH PROFESSIONALS ADVANCING LGBT EQUALITY ..................... 1INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF THE ARGUMENT ..................................................... 3 ARGUMENT ........................................................ 4I. IMMUTABILITY IS NOT A REQUIREDELEMENT TO APPLY HEIGHTENEDSCRUTINY ................................................ 4II. THE COURT HAS NOT VIEWED SEXUALORIENTATION AS BEHAVIORAL ........... 8III. SEXUAL ORIENTATION IS AN INNATEHUMAN CHARACTERISTIC ................... 12 A. Twin Studies Confirm the BiologicalComponent of Sexual Orientation ....... 13B. Pedigree Studies Have Found thatSexual Orientation is Heritable inFamilies ............................................... 16C. Fraternal Birth Order Effect ConfirmsBiological Origin of Sexual Orienta-tion ....................................................... 17D. Pre-Natal Hormone Levels Affect Sex-ual Orientation .................................... 191. Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia ..... 212. Xenoandrogens ............................... 23
 
iiTABLE OF CONTENTS – ContinuedPageE. Analysis of Male Genetic MaterialIndicates that Sexual Orientation isHeritable .............................................. 23F. Brain Studies Show the Biologic Rootsof Sexual Orientation .......................... 25G. The Overwhelming Majority of Hu-mans Self-Describe Their Sexual Ori-entation as Innate ................................ 26IV. MISGUIDED EFFORTS TO CHANGESEXUAL ORIENTATION PROVE THEINNATENESS OF THE TRAIT ................ 27 V. THE STUDIES CITED BY SUPPORTERSOF PROPOSITION 8 FAIL TO DEMON-STRATE THAT SEXUAL ORIENTATIONIS BEHAVIORAL ....................................... 32 A. Petitioners’ Repeated Reliance on theWork of Lisa Diamond Actually Dem-onstrates that Sexual Orientation isInnate, Not the Reverse ...................... 32B. Petitioners’ Other Studies Do NotSupport the Conclusion that SexualOrientation is Behavioral .................... 38CONCLUSION ..................................................... 40

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