Submission to the 82
Session of the UN Committee on the Elimination of RacialDiscrimination with Regard to Canada’s Failure to Comply with UN Human RightsConventions and General Recommendation No. 23 of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial DiscriminationFebruary 11-March 1, 2013GenevaBYErmineskin Cree Nation, Onion Lake Cree Nation, Samson Cree Nation, Montana CreeNation, Cold Lake Dene, Saddle Lake Cree Nation, Alexander Cree Nation, Kehewin CreeNation, Lubicon Cree Nation, Little Pine Cree Nation, Piapot Cree Nation, Witcheken CreeNation, Sweetgrass Cree Nation, James Smith, Saultaux, Sakimay, Muskoday, SerpentRiver Nation, Starblanket Cree Nation and Thunderchild Cree NationIn RELATION TOGovernment of Canada(“Canada”)I.
The Peoples of Ermineskin Cree Nation, Onion Lake Cree Nation, Samson Cree Nation,Montana Cree Nation, Cold Lake Dene, Saddle Lake Cree Nation, Alexander Cree Nation,Kehewin Cree Nation, Lubicon Cree Nation, Little Pine Cree Nation, Piapot Cree Nation,Witcheken Cree Nation, Sweetgrass Cree Nation, James Smith, Saultaux, Sakimay, Muskoday,Serpent River Nation, Starblanket Cree Nation and the Thunderchild Cree Nation (“the Nations”)believe in our own Creation and it is this spiritual relationship that determines how we recognizeand practice our inherent and Treaty rights on our lands. The relationship we have with ourCreator, through the connection with our lands is keeping with our Laws and practicing ourinherent rights within our respective Treaty and traditional territories.The Nations maintain that we have always been sovereign nations and have always practiced ourinherent rights in our territories given to us by our Creator. The Nations also assert that we haveoccupied our lands and territory in ways consistent with our traditional Cree (“Nehiyaw”) andOjibwe (“Anishnaabe”) legal orders, laws, belief systems, governance structure(s) and these actsare found in and consistent with our languages.The Nations govern ourselves in accordance with our Laws that are distinct and separate fromwhat the state of Canada. Canada was created through an act of the British Parliament. Wenegotiated and made Treaties with the British Crown to allow for settlers to enter our territories.These were peace and friendship treaties and a subject of the UN Study on Treaties, Agreementsand other Constructive Arrangements
under taken by the late Miguel Alfonso-Martinez. Canada