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Edgar Allan Poe - The Complete Works

Edgar Allan Poe - The Complete Works

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Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe

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Published by: medusa7 on Feb 24, 2009
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08/13/2013

 
TheRavenEditionTHEWORKSOFEDGARALLANPOEINFIVEVOLUMESVOLUMEIContentsEdgarAllanPoe,AnAppreciationLifeofPoe,byJamesRussellLowellDeathofPoe,byN.P.WillisTheUnparalledAdventuresofOneHansPfallTheGoldBugFourBeastsinOneTheMurdersintheRueMorgueTheMysteryofMarieRogêtTheBalloonHoaxMS.FoundinaBottleTheOvalPortraitEDGARALLANPOEANAPPRECIATIONCaughtfromsomeunhappymasterwhomunmercifulDisasterFollowedfastandfollowedfastertillhissongsoneburdenbore--TillthedirgesofhisHopethatmelancholyburdenboreOf"never--nevermore!"THISstanzafrom"TheRaven"wasrecommendedbyJamesRussellLowellasaninscriptionupontheBaltimoremonumentwhichmarkstherestingplaceofEdgarAllanPoe,themostinterestingandoriginalfigureinAmericanletters.And,tosignifythatpeculiarmusicalqualityofPoe'sgeniuswhichinthrallseveryreader,Mr.Lowellsuggestedthisadditionalverse,fromthe"HauntedPalace":AndallwithpearlandrubyglowingWasthefairpalacedoor,Throughwhichcameflowing,flowing,flowing,Andsparklingevermore,AtroopofEchoes,whosesweetdutyWasbuttosing,Invoicesofsurpassingbeauty,Thewitandwisdomoftheirking.BorninpovertyatBoston,January191809,dyingunderpainfulcircumstancesatBaltimore,October7,1849,hiswholeliterarycareerofscarcelyfifteenyearsapitifulstruggleformeresubsistence,hismemorymalignantlymisrepresentedbyhisearliestbiographer,Griswold,howcompletelyhastruthatlastrouted
 
falsehoodandhowmagnificentlyhasPoecomeintohisown,For"TheRaven,"firstpublishedin1845,and,withinafewmonths,read,recitedandparodiedwherevertheEnglishlanguagewasspoken,thehalf-starvedpoetreceived$10!Lessthanayearlaterhisbrotherpoet,N.P.Willis,issuedthistouchingappealtotheadmirersofgeniusonbehalfoftheneglectedauthor,hisdyingwifeandherdevotedmother,thenlivingunderverystraitenedcircumstancesinalittlecottageatFordham,N.Y.:"Hereisoneofthefinestscholars,oneofthemostoriginalmenofgenius,andoneofthemostindustriousoftheliteraryprofessionofourcountry,whosetemporarysuspensionoflabor,frombodilyillness,dropshimimmediatelytoalevelwiththecommonobjectsofpubliccharity.Thereisnointermediatestopping-place,norespectfulshelter,where,withthedelicacyduetogeniusandculture,bemightsecureaid,till,withreturninghealth,hewouldresumehislabors,andhisunmortifiedsenseofindependence."AndthiswasthetributepaidbytheAmericanpublictothemasterwhohadgiventoitsuchtalesofconjuringcharm,ofwitcheryandmysteryas"TheFalloftheHouseofUsher"and"Ligea;suchfascinatinghoaxesas"TheUnparalleledAdventureofHansPfaall,""MSS.FoundinaBottle,""ADescentIntoaMaelstrom"and"TheBalloonHoax";suchtalesofconscienceas"WilliamWilson,""TheBlackCat"and"TheTell-taleHeart,"whereintheretributionsofremorseareportrayedwithanawfulfidelity;suchtalesofnaturalbeautyas"TheIslandoftheFay"and"TheDomainofArnheim";suchmarvellousstudiesinratiocinationasthe"Gold-bug,""TheMurdersintheRueMorgue,""ThePurloinedLetter"and"TheMysteryofMarieRoget,"thelatter,arecitaloffact,demonstratingtheauthor'swonderfulcapabilityofcorrectlyanalyzingthemysteriesofthehumanmind;suchtalesofillusionandbanteras"ThePrematureBurial"and"TheSystemofDr.TarrandProfessorFether";suchbitsofextravaganzaas"TheDevilintheBelfry"and"TheAngeloftheOdd";suchtalesofadventureas"TheNarrativeofArthurGordonPym";suchpapersofkeencriticismandreviewaswonforPoetheenthusiasticadmirationofCharlesDickens,althoughtheymadehimmanyenemiesamongtheover-puffedminorAmericanwriterssomercilesslyexposedbyhim;suchpoemsofbeautyandmelodyas"TheBells,""TheHauntedPalace,""Tamerlane,""TheCityintheSea"and"TheRaven."Whatdelightforthejadedsensesofthereaderisthisenchanteddomainofwonder-pieces!Whatanatmosphereofbeauty,music,color!Whatresourcesofimagination,construction,analysisandabsoluteart!OnemightalmostsympathizewithSarahHelenWhitman,who,confessingtoahalffaithintheoldsuperstitionofthesignificanceofanagrams,found,inthetransposedlettersofEdgarPoe'sname,thewords"aGod-peer."Hismind,shesays,wasindeeda"HauntedPalace,"echoingtothefootfallsofangelsanddemons."Noman,"Poehimselfwrote,"hasrecorded,nomanhasdaredtorecord,thewondersofhisinnerlife."Inthesetwentiethcenturydays-oflavishrecognition-artistic,popularandmaterial-ofgenius,whatrewardsmightnotaPoeclaim!Edgar'sfather,asonofGeneralDavidPoe,theAmericanrevolutionarypatriotandfriendofLafayette,hadmarriedMrs.Hopkins,anEnglishactress,and,thematchmeetingwithparentaldisapproval,hadhimselftakentothestageasaprofession.
 
NotwithstandingMrs.Poe'sbeautyandtalenttheyoungcouplehadasorrystruggleforexistence.WhenEdgar,attheageoftwoyears,wasorphaned,thefamilywasintheutmostdestitution.Apparentlythefuturepoetwastobecastupontheworldhomelessandfriendless.Butfatedecreedthatafewglimmersofsunshineweretoilluminehislife,forthelittlefellowwasadoptedbyJohnAllan,awealthymerchantofRichmond,Va.Abrotherandsister,theremainingchildren,werecaredforbyothers.InhisnewhomeEdgarfoundalltheluxuryandadvantagesmoneycouldprovide.Hewaspetted,spoiledandshownofftostrangers.InMrs.Allanhefoundalltheaffectionachildlesswifecouldbestow.Mr.Allantookmuchprideinthecaptivating,precociouslad.Attheageoffivetheboyrecited,withfineeffect,passagesofEnglishpoetrytothevisitorsattheAllanhouse.FromhiseighthtohisthirteenthyearheattendedtheManorHouseschool,atStoke-Newington,asuburbofLondon.ItwastheRev.Dr.Bransby,headoftheschool,whomPoesoquaintlyportrayedin"WilliamWilson."ReturningtoRichmondin1820EdgarwassenttotheschoolofProfessorJosephH.Clarke.Heprovedanaptpupil.YearsafterwardProfessorClarkethuswrote:"Whiletheotherboyswrotemeremechanicalverses,Poewrotegenuinepoetry;theboywasabornpoet.Asascholarhewasambitioustoexcel.Hewasremarkableforself-respect,withouthaughtiness.Hehadasensitiveandtenderheartandwoulddoanythingforafriend.Hisnaturewasentirelyfreefromselfishness."AttheageofseventeenPoeenteredtheUniversityofVirginiaatCharlottesville.Heleftthatinstitutionafteronesession.Officialrecordsprovethathewasnotexpelled.Onthecontrary,hegainedacreditablerecordasastudent,althoughitisadmittedthathecontracteddebtsandhad"anungovernablepassionforcard-playing."ThesedebtsmayhaveledtohisquarrelwithMr.Allanwhicheventuallycompelledhimtomakehisownwayintheworld.Earlyin1827Poemadehisfirstliteraryventure.HeinducedCalvinThomas,apoorandyouthfulprinter,topublishasmallvolumeofhisversesunderthetitle"TamerlaneandOtherPoems."In1829wefindPoeinBaltimorewithanothermanuscriptvolumeofverses,whichwassoonpublished.Itstitlewas"AlAaraaf,TamerlaneandOtherPoems."Neitheroftheseventuresseemstohaveattractedmuchattention.SoonafterMrs.Allan'sdeath,whichoccurredin1829,Poe,throughtheaidofMr.Allan,securedadmissiontotheUnitedStatesMilitaryAcademyatWestPoint.AnyglamourwhichmayhaveattachedtocadetlifeinPoe'seyeswasspeedilylost,fordisciplineatWestPointwasneversoseverenorweretheaccommodationseversopoor.Poe'sbentwasmoreandmoretowardliterature.Lifeattheacademydailybecameincreasinglydistasteful.Soonhebegantopurposelyneglecthisstudiesandtodisregardhisduties,hisaimbeingtosecurehisdismissalfromtheUnitedStatesservice.Inthishesucceeded.OnMarch7,1831,Poefoundhimselffree.Mr.Allan'ssecondmarriagehadthrowntheladonhisownresources.Hisliterarycareerwastobegin.Poe'sfirstgenuinevictorywaswonin1833,when.hewasthesuccessfulcompetitorforaprizeof$100offeredbyaBaltimoreperiodicalforthebestprosestory."AMSS.FoundinaBottle"was

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