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Published by: Hilal Tugba Ormecioglu on Mar 01, 2013
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11/24/2014

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ZfWT
 
Zeitschrift für die Welt der Türken
Journal of World of Turks
 
ZfWT Vol. 4, No. 3 (2012)
175
SUSTAINABILITY OF TRADITIONAL HOUSING AND WAY OFLIFE IN ANATOLIA: A CASE OF KORKUTELI-BOZOVA
 Asl 
ı
ER AKAN 
 
 Ne
 ş
e D
 İ 
 KMEN 
∗∗
 
 Hilal Tu
 ğ 
ba ÖRMEC 
 İ 
O
Ğ
 LU 
∗∗∗
 
 Pervin
Ş 
 ENOL
∗∗∗∗
 
Abstract:
Cities and towns are characterized by various types of buildings constructedwith local materials, specifically detailed for indigenous conditions. In addition toenvironmental circumstances – such as climate, topography etc.- and availability of the materials, local cultural practices determine both housing types and architecturalstyles of the regions. Vernacular buildings in Anatolia typically were designed andconstructed by residents of the regions who utilized traditional building techniquesfor their own types of daily life.In this context, this study investigates the general characteristics andsustainable properties of traditional residential buildings in Korkuteli region of Antalya, Turkey. Three different traditional structural systems of the region areselected to examine in terms of spatial organization, building type and material, andstructural properties in relation with existing user profile. For this purpose, alongwith the measurements and drawings of these three houses, face to face interviewswith residents of the case buildings were conducted. The data gained through the process are evaluated in terms of sustainability of traditional structural systems andway of life.
Key words
: Traditional Residential Building, Traditional Way of Life,Korkuteli, Sustainability.
1. Introduction
“Rural settlement” refers to a community in which the division of labor has not been developed, having agriculture based economy, extended familystructure, face-to-face neighborhood relations, and thus differs from those of the urban communities. Besides, these communities are the units of society
Dr., Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology – Ankara/Turkey asli.akaner@gmail.com
∗∗
Assoc. Prof. Dr., Süleyman Demirel University Faculty of Architecture Department of Architecture – Isparta/Turkey nesdikmen@gmail.com
∗∗∗
Assist. Prof. Dr., Akdeniz University Faculty of Fine Arts Department of Architecture– Antalya/Turkey ormecioglu@akdeniz.edu.tr 
∗∗∗∗
Assist. Prof. Dr., University Faculty of Architecture Department of City an Regional Planning – Isparta/Turkey pesenol@gmail.com
 
 Asl
ı
Er Akan, Ne
ş
e Dikmen, Hilal Tu
ğ
ba Örmecio
ğ
lu, Pervin
Ş
enolSustainability of Traditional Housing and Way of Life in Anatolia: A Case of Korkutel
ı
-Bozova
 
ZfWT Vol. 4, No. 3 (2012)
176with less population than that of the city, which have settled in a specificgeographical and ecological area and have their own labor force, socialorganization, culture, specific title and past (Kele
ş
 
et al 
., 1978). Ruralsettlements are the environments which reflect the physical conditions,cultural structure, lifestyle of the age that they belong in their residences and,in which, the vernacular architecture is widely observed. On the contrary of the routinized urban patterns in our age, which look more similar day byday; the rural settlements, being shaped by the physical environment andsocio-cultural life within the cultural richness of the Anatolian society, differ from region to region, even, from village to village within the same region.The settlements are formed depending on their topographical structure andcultural and physical environmental conditions. (Emina
ğ
ao
ğ
lu and Cevik,2007). The formation of the rural settlements are affected by natural (climateand topography), cultural and economic factors (Karabulut, 2007).For the villages, the house has the position of a production center. For that reason, the residence contains many usages and activities. In addition tothe daily activities such as resting-sitting, storing, cooking, drying (of vegetables, fruits etc.), collection – distribution – sorting of the products,animal feeding, salt pounding etc., special activities such as wedding,engagement and circumcision ceremonies can also be stated in the house.(Emina
ğ
ao
ğ
lu, 2004). For the rural settlements, the houses are the buildings,in which, production, consumption and many more vital activities develop.At this point, besides the measurable factors, also the imponderable factorssuch as usage, life style, cultural structure, social relations, and historicalrelations are becoming the topic (Özgüner, 1970). The rural house is mostlyformed with indigenous materials that can easily be reached and those thatare not economically compelling. For that reason, they are directly related,aesthetically, climatically and technologically, with the habitat they live in(Gürer, 2003).Sustainable architecture can be described as total sum of the activitiesthat adjust to the habitat in which the structure is located; provide thehistorical continuity; consume the minimum energy and water during theconstruction and usage; environmentally conscious about the usage of natural and local materials and about the recycling of the used material; thatare participative in the cycle of ecosystem; and that produce buildings, protecting the human health and comfort (Özek Karadeniz, 2010). Thedesign and manufacturing methods of the buildings are being re-questioned,considering the concept of sustainability (Celebi, 2003 cited in Harputlugiland Cetinturk, 2005). At this point, it is accepted that the best start shall befinding clues from the local architectural data and reinterpreting them,regarding to the expectations of the contemporary user (Harputlugil andCetinturk, 2005).
 
 
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