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Inside the atom - P3, week 8

Inside the atom - P3, week 8

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Published by: hooloovoo on Mar 01, 2013
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05/18/2013

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Ionization
 
Electronsarenega-velychargedpar-cles
 
Theyorbittheatomicnucleus
 
Neutralatom:nrofelectrons=nrofprotons
 
Electronsarekeptinorbitbythearac-veforcefromtheprotonsinthenucleus
 
Toescapetheymustbegivenenergy
 
Ioniza'on
:theprocessthatgenerateschargedatoms
 
e.g.byradia-on
 
AtomicExcitation
 
Excita'on
:
 
atomscanabsorbenergywithoutge@ngionized
 
electronsinanexcitedatomjumpintothenextouterorbit
 
deexcita-onandreturntooriginalorbithappensbyemi@nglight(aphoton)
 
atomsabsorbenergyatcertainvalueswhichdependonthetypeofatom
 
EnergyLevels
 
Electronsarerestrictedtoorbitswithcertainenergies
 
Theorbitsaredifferentforeverydifferenttypeofatom
 
Photonsareabsorbedoremiedonlyatspecificenergies
 
Energyofphotonsdependsontheirwavelength
 
where
h
isthePlackconstant=4.14x10
15
eVs
 E 
=
hf 
=
hc
λ 

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