exploratory research objectives of generating insights and hypothesis would be well served bythe use of this technique.
Making Case Study Effective
John Dollard has proposed seven criteria for evaluating such adequacy as follows:
The subject must be viewed as a specimen in a cultural series .That is, the case drawn outfrom its total context for the purpose of study must be considered a member of the particular cultural group or community. The scrutiny of the life histories of persons must be done with aview to identify the community value, standard and their shared way of life.
The organic motto of action must be socially relevant .That is, the action of the individualcases must be viewed as a series of reactions to social stimuli or situation .In other words thesocial meaning of behavior must be taken into consideration.
The strategic role of the family group in transmitting the culture must be recognised .That is,in case of an individual being the member of the family, the role of family in shaping hisbehavior must not be overlooked .
The specific method of elaboration of organic material onto social behavior must be clearlyshown. That is case histories that portray in detail how basically a biological organism , theman, gradually blossoms forth into a special person , are especially fruitful.
The continuous related character of experience for childhood through adulthood must bestressed. In other words, the life history must be a configuration depicting the inter-relationshi
ps between the people’s various experiences.
Social situation must be carefully and continuously specified as a factor. One of the important
criteria for the life history is that a person’s life must be shown as unfolding itself in the context
of and partly owing to specific social situations.
The life history material itself must be organised accordingly to some conceptual frame work,this in turn would facilitate generalizations at a higher level.
Q4. Distinguish between schedules and questionnaires?Ans:
There is a difference between a schedule and a questionnaire. A schedule is a form thatthe investigator fills himself through surveying the units or individuals. A questionnaire is aform sent (usually mailed) by an investigator to respondents. The respondent has to fill it andthen send it back to the investigator.
Often, information is collected through questionnaires. The questionnaires are filled withquestions pertaining to the investigation. They are sent to the respondents with a coveringletter soliciting cooperation from the respondents (respondents are the people who respond toquestions in the questionnaire). The respondents are asked to give correct information and tomail the questionnaire back. The objectives of investigation are explained in the coveringletter together with assurance for keeping information provided by the respondents asconfidential. Good questionnaire construction is an important contributing factor to thesuccess of a survey. When questionnaires are properly framed and constructed, they becomeimportant tools by which statements can be made about specific people or entire populations.This method is generally adopted by research workers and other official and non- officialagencies. This method is used to cover large areas of investigation. It is more economical
and free from investigator’s bias. However, it results in many “non
response” situations. The
respondent may be illiterate. The respondent may also provide wrong information due towrong interpretation of questions.