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Windsor: Amicus Brief of Family Law Professors & Am. Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

Windsor: Amicus Brief of Family Law Professors & Am. Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers

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Published by Equality Case Files
United States v. Windsor: Amicus brief of Family Law Professors and The American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers in support of Plaintiff
United States v. Windsor: Amicus brief of Family Law Professors and The American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers in support of Plaintiff

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Equality Case Files on Mar 01, 2013
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03/02/2013

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No. 12-307I
N
T
HE
 
Supreme Court of the United States
 ____________________ U
NITED
S
TATES OF
 A 
MERICA 
,
 
 Petitioner
,v.E
DITH
S
CHLAIN
W
INDSOR
 
 AND
 B
IPARTISAN
L
EGAL
 A 
DVISORY 
G
ROUP OF THE
U
NITED
S
TATES
H
OUSE OF
R
EPRESENTATIVES
,
Respondents
.
 
 ____________________ 
On Writ of Certiorarito the United States Court of Appealsfor the Second Circuit
 ____________________ 
BRIEF ON THE MERITS OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
FAMILY LAW PROFESSORS ANDTHE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF MATRIMONIALLAWYERS IN SUPPORT OF RESPONDENTEDITH SCHLAIN WINDSOR
 ____________________ 
W
 ALTER
D
ELLINGER
OUNSEL OF 
R
ECORD
 
O’M
ELVENY 
&
 
M
 YERS
LLP1625 Eye Street, NWWashington, DC 20006Telephone: (202) 383-5300wdellinger@omm.comD
 AWN
S
ESTITO
 D
IMITRI
D.
 
P
ORTNOI
 O’M
ELVENY 
&
 
M
 YERS
LLP400 South Hope St.Los Angeles, California 90071Telephone: (213) 430-6000 A 
MY 
R.
 
L
UCAS
 O’M
ELVENY 
&
 
M
 YERS
LLP1999 Avenue of the StarsLos Angeles, California 90067Telephone: (310) 553-6700
Counsel for Amici Curiae Family Law Professors and the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers
 
 
i
TABLE OF CONTENTSPage
INTERESTS OF
 AMICI CURIAE 
............................ 1
 
INTRODUCTION AND SUMMARY OF ARGUMENT ............................................................. 2
 
 ARGUMENT ............................................................ 5I. DOMA DOES NOT CREATE, ANDTHERE HAS NEVER BEEN,FEDERAL UNIFORMITY WITHREGARD TO MARITAL STATUS.FEDERAL LAW RELIES ON STATEDETERMINATIONS OF FAMILY STATUS NOTWITHSTANDINGTREMENDOUS DIVERSITY AMONGTHE STATES. ................................................ 5
 
 A. Federal Law Accepts StateDiversity With Regard ToMarriage. .............................................. 8
 
B. Federal Law Accepts StateDiversity With Regard ToDivorce. .............................................. 11
 
C. Federal Law Accepts StateDiversity With Regard ToParenthood. ........................................ 14
 
II. DOMA IS UNLIKE ANY PASTFEDERAL INTERVENTION INTOTHE FAMILY BECAUSE ITDISESTABLISHES FAMILY STATUS AT THE FEDERAL LEVEL. ....................... 19
 
 A. The Vast Majority of FederalStatutes Implicitly Rely On StateDeterminations Of Status. ................ 20
 
 
ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
(continued)
 Page
B. Some Federal Statutes ExplicitlyRely On State Determinations of Status. ................................................ 25
 
C. Some Federal Statutes ImposeConditions Beyond MaritalStatus Reflecting PolicyConcerns Specific To ThoseStatutes. ............................................. 26
 
1. Eligibility Based OnMarriage Plus OtherConditions ............................... 27
 
2. Eligibility In the Absenceof Marriage .............................. 30
 
III. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HASDEFINED MARITAL STATUS ONLY WHEN THERE IS NO STATEJURISDICTION TO DETERMINEFAMILY STATUS. ....................................... 33
 
CONCLUSION ........................................................ 36LIST OF
 AMICI 
...................................................... 1a
 

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