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A geometric insight

A geometric insight

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Published by Jose Pablo

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Published by: Jose Pablo on Mar 02, 2013
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03/02/2013

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 Dedicated to my cousin Juan Carlos in his birthday and Sergio and Gerardo for his friendship. Good morning to everyone. I present myself with the desire of bringing you a good lecture, and thefirst step to achieve that is having a good theme to present. As I am just beginning with my posts, bynow I haven't had problems have that, and I am taking advantage to that. The only I have to thinkabout is a interesting way to expose my themes. And that sometimes can be easy and sometimesnot. Sometimes people is not very interesting in study what they see as confusing and exhaustingthemes. One of my jobs is to convert those confusing and exhausting themes interesting, to transmitthe exciting and joy that I find while studying those themes. But I have to say, even for me,sometimes studying these themes became exhausting, as is very normal to have good days and notvery good days. But nothing is compare to the happiness I get when I found out a new answer.  As I write in the title this post is going to be about geometry insight, but not be disappointed, isgoing to be about more than just geometry, is going to be about physics and art too. You may askyourself, how possible is geometry related to art. Almost everybody that studied elementary knowsthat geometry is related to physics, but is not very common to notice that geometry is related to arttoo. If I tell you that is related specifically to painting art, then you can imagine easier how they arerelated. And that's one of the things I am going to show you today. I am going to start with somephysics, then I am going to switch to geometry and I am going to finish with some of painting. Whata diversity of knowledge, all in one, this sounds to become a good lecture. Starting with physics... You may remember from the last post that I wrote down a simplified versionof the gravitational law, and then I told you that the study of a complete version will have to be part of another post. Well, this is it. On the last post I gave a equation like this, GravitatyF:(M1)(M2)C. Whatis missing is the half part below, so the complete version is missing Distance^2 dividing(M1)(M2)C. And that's the part of the law that we are going to study today. The reason I didn't do it inthe last post was because that part has a geometrical explanation not a conceptual. When I had my firsts approaching to physics I started studying mechanical physics, and that waswhen I saw for my first time the gravitational law. I still remember when I saw it for my first time, in themiddle of the page of a physics book, there it was, the master work of one of the biggest scientistof history. Since those days, a big question arose into my mind; why the force is inverselyproportional to the square of the distance. Even inversely proportional to the distance would bereasonable enough for me, but it was to the square of the distance. I searched in pages and pages,in books and in libraries to found the answer, but I didn't find an answer good enough. After a time Irealized that if I wanted to get and answer I would had to find it out by myself. And I decided to dothat. It wasn't quickly of course, but I can say that I found it out. Now I am going to explain it to you,and to achieve that I am going to use a little of geometry, the millenarian science. Imagine an sphere. An sphere has a Radius, which is the distance from the center to the surface, ana Area, which is all the surface. Clearly, the area if is different to the Volume which is all the spaceinside. The formula to get the Area, that is, the surface, is the next. Area: Constant(Radius^2). Theconstant is (4)(Pi), anyway that is not important for our purpose. The important thing is to realize thatthe area increases as the square of the Radius. Or what is the same, the area is proportional to thesquare of the Radius. Is that sound familiar to you? Of course, we have here the same square of theradius that we have in the gravitational theory. That, of course, is not a coincidence.Imagine that in the center of a sphere with area A1 is a massive body like the sun, and in thesurface is the Earth which is separated to the Sun by the radius of that sphere. At that distance the Attractive Force is (X1). At the same time, Jupiter is the double farer that the Earth, in the surface of a sphere with the double radius and consequently quadruple area (because the square of two isfour); and the Attractive Force is (X1)/4 and the area of the sphere (A1)(4). So we can say that theforce decreases as the area of the sphere around increases. And, yes this is another way toexpress the gravitational law. What this equivalence show us, is that what really matter to gravity is

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