unger is everywhere in the world, not only in the poorest countries where the poorestpeople live but also up to the wealthiest nations where the world’s richest peopleresides. There might be many causes of hunger, but undoubtedly there is only oneprincipal cause, and that is poverty. People are hungry because they cannot afford tobuy foods even though there are plenty of these around.Different people gave different opinions regarding the causes of poverty, but not all of these are real, some are only myths. If we trace in history the root cause of poverty, wewill surely nd out that poverty started when the system of society base on exploitationand oppression of human to human began. And from that, we will nd out that thenumber one root cause of today’s worldwide poverty is the world capitalist system in itshighest stage, imperialism.Ten years after the 1996 Rome World Food Summit (WFS), the number of undernourishedpeople in the world remains stubbornly high, said the 2006 report of the Food andAgriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. In 2001–03, FAO estimates therewere still 854 million undernourished people worldwide
: 9 million in the industrializedcountries,
25 million in the transition countries, and 820 million in the developingcountries.Of the latter’s 820 million people: 212 million live in India; 206.2 million livein Sub-Saharan Africa; 524 million live in Asia and the Pacic; 52.4 million live in LatinAmerica and the Caribbean; and 37.6 million live in the Near East and North Africa.In the developing countries, out of 5.1 billion people (approx.)
or 3/4 of worldpopulation: 1 billion people live on less than $1/day; 146 million children under age 5are underweight; 10.1 million children under age 5 die every year, over half of hunger-related causes; 1 in 6 people is hungry; 1 in 6 people lacks safe drinking water.In the United States, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reported that in 2006:
35.5 million people lived in households considered to be food insecure.
Of these 35.5 million, 22.9 million are adults (10.4 percent of all adults) and 12.6million are children (17.2 percent of all children).
The number of people in the worst-off households increased to 11.1 from 10.8 in2005. This increase in the number of people in the worst-off category is consistentwith other studies and the Census Bureau poverty data, which show worseningconditions for the poorest Americans.
Black (21.8 percent) and Hispanic (19.5 percent) households experienced foodinsecurity at far higher rates than the national average.
The ten states with the highest food insecurity rates in 2006 were Mississippi, NewMexico, Texas, South Carolina, Oklahoma, Utah, Louisiana, Arkansas, Kentucky,and Arizona.Nearly half of those lining up outside soup kitchens in the United States (U.S.) have one ormore family members employed, but most of them are simply too poor to buy food. Theyare the people who scavenge in dumpsters outside restaurants. They’re the schoolchildrenwho cannot pay attention in class because they did not have dinner or breakfast.According to the United Nations (UN) the number of chronically hungry people worldwideis growing by an average of four million per year at current trends, and about 25,000people die every day of hunger or hunger-related causes.