Assignment 3: Work and EnergyDue: 2:00am on Friday, February 22, 2013
To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor'sGrading Policy.
Kate, a bungee jumper, wants to jump off the edge of a bridge that spans a river below. Kate has a mass, and the surface of the bridge is a height above the water. The bungee cord, which has length whenunstretched, will first straighten and then stretch as Kate falls. Assume the following:The bungee cord behaves as an ideal spring once it begins to stretch, with spring constant .Kate doesn't actually jump but simply steps off the edge of the bridge and falls straightdownward.Kate's height is negligible compared to the length of the bungee cord. Hence, she can betreated as a point particle.Use for the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity.
How far below the bridge will Kate eventually be hanging, once she stops oscillating and comes finallyto rest? Assume that she doesn't touch the water.
Express the distance in terms of quantities given in the problem introduction.
Decide how to approach the problem
Here are three possible methods for solving this problem:1. No nonconservative forces are acting, so mechanical energy is conserved. SetKate's gravitational potential energy at the top of the bridge equal to the springpotential energy in the bungee cord (which depends on the cord's final length )and solve for .2. Since nonconservative forces are acting, mechanical energy is not conserved. Setthe spring potential energy in the bungee cord (which depends on ) equal toKate's gravitational potential energy plus the work done by dissipative forces.Eliminate the unknown work, and solve for .3. When Kate comes to rest she has zero acceleration, so the net force acting onher must be zero. Set the spring force due to the bungee cord (which depends on) equal to the force of gravity and solve for .Which of these options is the simplest, most accurate way to find given the informationavailable? ANSWER:
Assignment 3: Work and Energy
Signed in as Mikael Lemanza