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mastering physics assignment 3 2013
mastering physics assignment 3 2013

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02/19/2014

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Assignment 3: Work and EnergyDue: 2:00am on Friday, February 22, 2013
Note:
Bungee Jumping
Kate, a bungee jumper, wants to jump off the edge of a bridge that spans a river below. Kate has a mass, and the surface of the bridge is a height above the water. The bungee cord, which has length whenunstretched, will first straighten and then stretch as Kate falls. Assume the following:The bungee cord behaves as an ideal spring once it begins to stretch, with spring constant .Kate doesn't actually jump but simply steps off the edge of the bridge and falls straightdownward.Kate's height is negligible compared to the length of the bungee cord. Hence, she can betreated as a point particle.Use for the magnitude of the acceleration due to gravity.
Part A
How far below the bridge will Kate eventually be hanging, once she stops oscillating and comes finallyto rest? Assume that she doesn't touch the water.
Express the distance in terms of quantities given in the problem introduction.
Hint 1.
Decide how to approach the problem
Here are three possible methods for solving this problem:1. No nonconservative forces are acting, so mechanical energy is conserved. SetKate's gravitational potential energy at the top of the bridge equal to the springpotential energy in the bungee cord (which depends on the cord's final length )and solve for .2. Since nonconservative forces are acting, mechanical energy is not conserved. Setthe spring potential energy in the bungee cord (which depends on ) equal toKate's gravitational potential energy plus the work done by dissipative forces.Eliminate the unknown work, and solve for .3. When Kate comes to rest she has zero acceleration, so the net force acting onher must be zero. Set the spring force due to the bungee cord (which depends on) equal to the force of gravity and solve for .Which of these options is the simplest, most accurate way to find given the informationavailable? ANSWER:

PC1431AY1213SEM2
Assignment 3: Work and Energy
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Signed in as Mikael Lemanza
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Correct
Hint 2.
Compute the force due to the bungee cord
When Kate is at rest, what is the magnitude of the upward force the bungee cord exerts onher?
Express your answer in terms of the cord's final stretched length and quantities givenin the problem introduction. Your answer should not depend on Kate's mass .
Hint 1.
Find the extension of the bungee cord
The upward force on Kate is due to the extension of the bungee cord. What is thisextension?
Express your answer in terms of the cord's final (stretched) length and .
Correct
Hint 2.
Formula for the force due to a stretched cord
The formula for the force due to a stretched cord is,where is the spring constant of the cord and is the
extension
Correct
Set this force equal to Kate's weight, and solve for . ANSWER:abcExtension ===

Correct
Part B
If Kate just touches the surface of the river on her first downward trip (i.e., before the first bounce), whatis the spring constant ? Ignore all dissipative forces.
Express in terms of , , , and .
Hint 1.
Decide how to approach the problem
Here are three possible methods for solving this problem:1. Since nonconservative forces are ignored, mechanical energy is conserved. SetKate's gravitational potential energy at the top of the bridge equal to the springpotential energy in the bungee cord at the lowest point (which depends on ) andsolve for .2. Nonconservative forces can be ignored, so mechanical energy is conserved. Setthe spring potential energy in the bungee cord (which depends on ) equal toKate's gravitational potential energy at the top of the bridge plus the work done bygravity as Kate falls. Compute the work done by gravity, then solve for .3. When Kate is being held just above the water she has zero acceleration, so thenet force acting on her must be zero. Set the spring force due to the bungee cord(which depends on ) equal to the force of gravity and solve for .Which of these options is the simplest, most accurate way to find given the informationavailable? ANSWER:
Correct
Hint 2.
Find the initial gravitational potential energy
What is Kate's gravitational potential energy at the moment she steps off the bridge? (Definethe zero of gravitational potential to be at the surface of the water.)
Express your answer in terms of quantities given in the problem introduction.