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12-307 and 12-144 Brief for the American Jewish Committee

12-307 and 12-144 Brief for the American Jewish Committee

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Published by Downing Post News
12-307 and 12-144 Brief for the American Jewish Committee
12-307 and 12-144 Brief for the American Jewish Committee

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Categories:Types, Business/Law
Published by: Downing Post News on Mar 02, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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11/06/2014

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Nos. 12-144 and 12-307O
CTOBER
T
ERM
2012
IN THE
 Supreme Court of the United States
D
ENNIS
H
OLLINGSWORTH
,
et al.
,
 Petitioners,
—v.—
RISTIN
M. P
ERRY 
,
et al.
,
 Respondents.
U
NITED
S
TATES OF
 A 
MERICA 
,
 Petitioner,
—v.—E
DITH
S
CHLAIN
W
INDSOR
, in her capacity asExecutor of the Estate of T
HEA 
C
LARA 
S
PYER
,
et al.
,
 Respondents.
ON WRITS OF CERTIORARI TO THE UNITED STATESCOURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH AND SECOND CIRCUITS
BRIEF
 AMICUS CURIAE
OF THE AMERICAN JEWISHCOMMITTEE IN SUPPORT OF THE INDIVIDUALRESPONDENTS ON THE MERITS
d
D
OUGLAS
L
 AYCOCK 
Counsel of Record
U
NIVERSITY OF
 V 
IRGINIA 
L
 AW
S
CHOOL
580 Massie RoadCharlottesville, Virginia 22903(434) 243-8546dlaycock@virginia.eduM
 ARC
D. S
TERN
 A 
MERICAN
 J
EWISH
C
OMMITTEE
165 East 56th StreetNew York, New York 10022(212) 891-1480sternm@ajc.orgT
HOMAS
C. B
ERG
M.S.L. 4001000 LaSalle AvenueMinneapolis, Minnesota 55403(651) 962-4918
 
i
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Authorities ............................. iiiInterest of Amicus ............................... 1Summary of Argument ........................... 2 Argument ....................................... 7I. This Court Should, and Sooner orLater Must, Recognize a Right toSame-Sex Marriage ........................... 7 A. The Right to Marry Is Fundamental,and the Grounds Asserted in This Case Are Insufficient to Justify Denial of That Right ................................ 7B. Legitimate Concerns for Religious Liberty Are Not a Reason to Deny Same-SexCouples the Right to Marry ................ 10C. Same-Sex Couples and ReligiousConscientious Objectors MakeEssentially Parallel Claims, and BothShould Be Protected ...................... 12II. When the Court Invalidates Laws ProhibitingSame-Sex Civil Marriage, It Must TakeResponsibility for the Resulting ReligiousLiberty Issues ............................... 16 A. Judicial Protection of the Right to Same-Sex Marriage Tends to DisplaceLegislative Protection of ReligiousLiberty with Respect to Marriage .......... 16
 
ii
 
B. Marriage is Both a Legal and a ReligiousRelationship, and Religious OrganizationsMust Remain Free to Define ReligiousMarriage ................................ 19C. Religious Refusal to Recognize Same-SexMarriage Will Give Rise to ManyReligious Liberty Issues .................. 22III. Doctrinal Tools Are Available to ProtectReligious Liberty with Respectto Marriage ................................ 27 A. Religious Organizations Have the Rightto Make Internal Decisions That AffectTheir Faith and Mission ................. 27B. Religious Organizations Have a Rightto Take “External” Actions, Subjectto the Compelling Interest Test, If aReligiously Burdensome Law HasSecular Exceptions ...................... 29C. Religious Liberty Is Also Protected byState Constitutions and by State andFederal Statutes ........................ 31D. In an Appropriate Future Case,the Court Should Reconsider FreeExercise Exemptions from Generally Applicable Laws ......................... 32Conclusion ..................................... 35

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