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gcf

# gcf

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03/03/2013

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Lesson 5-1Example 1 Find the GCF by Listing FactorsFind the GCF of 48 and 64 by making a list.
First, list the factors by pairs.The common factors are 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16. The greatest common factor or GCF of 48 and 64 is 16.Use a Venn diagram to show the factors. Notice that the factors 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16are the common factors of 48 and 64, andthe GCF is 16.
Example 2 Find the GCF by Using Prime FactorsFind the GCF of 24 and 42 by using prime factors.Method 1
Write the prime factorization.
Method 2
Divide by prime numbers.
4 73 12 212 24 42

Divide both 24 and 42 by 2. Then divide the quotients by 3.Using either method, the common prime factors are 2 and 3.So, the GCF of 24 and 42 is 2 × 3 or 6.
Factors of 48
1, 482, 243, 164, 126, 8
Factors of 64
1, 642, 324, 168, 8