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Art of War

Art of War

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Published by Ms Daisy
Sun Tzu's Art of War
Sun Tzu's Art of War

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Published by: Ms Daisy on Mar 03, 2013
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06/29/2014

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www.artofwarsuntzu.com
SUN TZU
ON THE
ART OF WAR
Lionel Giles Translation
 
S
UN
T
ZU
O
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T
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ARwww.artofwarsuntzu.com
FORWARD
This e-book presents a complete translation of
Sun Tzu on the Art of War 
as penned by Dr.Lionel Giles from Great Britain. In 1910, Dr. Lionel Giles, a staff member of the Department ofOriental Printed Books and Manuscripts at the British Museum in London, introduced theEnglish-speaking world to an effective translation of Sun Tzu Bing Fa, literally translated asSun Tzu on War Methods. Lionel Giles published his translation through Luzac and Co. inLondon and Shanghai under the more commercial title,
Sun Tzu on the Art of War 
.Although written in 1910, this translation of Sun Tzu's work continues to be the standard fromwhich other English translations of the
Art of War 
are measured. Dr. Lionel Giles had both asolid background in military affairs and was fluent in Chinese where he served as arepresentative of the British government. He was uniquely qualified to translate the
Art of War 
in a way that would explain what Sun Tzu meant with each of his passages.The following, without commentary, is the Dr. Giles translation: as it appeared in the copy oforiginal Luzac and Co. book pictured here.
 
www.artofwarsuntzu.com
I. LAYING PLANS
 1. Sun Tzu said: The art of war is of vital importance to the State. 2. It is a matter of life and death, a road either to safety or to ruin. Hence it is a subject of inquirywhich can on no account be neglected. 3. The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one’sdeliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field. 4. These are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) Heaven; (3) Earth; (4) The Commander; (5) Method anddiscipline. 5,6. The Moral Law causes the people to be in complete accord with their ruler, so that they will followhim regardless of their lives, undismayed by any danger. 7. Heaven signifies night and day, cold and heat, times and seasons. 8. Earth comprises distances, great and small; danger and security; open ground and narrow passes;the chances of life and death. 9. The Commander stands for the virtues of wisdom, sincerely, benevolence, courage and strictness. 10. By method and discipline are to be understood the marshaling of the army in its proper subdivisions,the graduations of rank among the officers, the maintenance of roads by which supplies may reachthe army, and the control of military expenditure. 11. These five heads should be familiar to every general: he who knows them will be victorious; hewho knows them not will fail. 12. Therefore, in your deliberations, when seeking to determine the military conditions, let them bemade the basis of a comparison, in this wise:—
1
L
AYING
P
LANS

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