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AN ASSESSMENT OF TEACHER’S JOB SATISFACTION AND JOB PERFORMANCE IN THREE

AN ASSESSMENT OF TEACHER’S JOB SATISFACTION AND JOB PERFORMANCE IN THREE

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Published by Francis Abulude
ABSTRACT
This study examines the relationship between teachers, job satisfaction and performance in selected
Borno State Secondary Schools. The study used a total of 180 as respondents of the three secondary
schools. The research study was set to determine the relationship between promotion and teachers’ job
performance, pay and teacher’s job performance, teacher’s job satisfaction and job performance in
Borno State secondary schools. A questionnaire on teacher job satisfaction was developed in the
research while postgraduate teaching practice assessment form from University of Maiduguri and
Kashim Ibrahim College of Education was adopted and used in assessing and scoring live lecturing
exercise of the samples as performance indicator. Descriptive statistic was used in analyzing the data
using simple frequency distribution and percentages. It was therefore, recommended that based on the
above result, teachers should be promoted and pay with high lucrative salary by Borno State
government in order to maintain the tempo, and to build up on the present performance so as to live to
the expectation of the government and public which has fall short of expectation.

KEYWORDS: Effects; Relationship; Teachers’; Job satisfaction; performance; Assessment.
ABSTRACT
This study examines the relationship between teachers, job satisfaction and performance in selected
Borno State Secondary Schools. The study used a total of 180 as respondents of the three secondary
schools. The research study was set to determine the relationship between promotion and teachers’ job
performance, pay and teacher’s job performance, teacher’s job satisfaction and job performance in
Borno State secondary schools. A questionnaire on teacher job satisfaction was developed in the
research while postgraduate teaching practice assessment form from University of Maiduguri and
Kashim Ibrahim College of Education was adopted and used in assessing and scoring live lecturing
exercise of the samples as performance indicator. Descriptive statistic was used in analyzing the data
using simple frequency distribution and percentages. It was therefore, recommended that based on the
above result, teachers should be promoted and pay with high lucrative salary by Borno State
government in order to maintain the tempo, and to build up on the present performance so as to live to
the expectation of the government and public which has fall short of expectation.

KEYWORDS: Effects; Relationship; Teachers’; Job satisfaction; performance; Assessment.

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Published by: Francis Abulude on Mar 03, 2013
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28
Continental J. Education Research 4 (1): 28 - 34, 2011 ISSN: 2141 - 4181© Wilolud Journals, 2011http://www.wiloludjournal.com ` Printed in NigeriaAN ASSESSMENT OF TEACHER’S JOB SATISFACTION AND JOB PERFORMANCE IN THREESELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF BORNO STATE, NIGERIA.Alimi Baba Gana, Adda Gana Bukar and Yabawa Mohammed Kadai.Department of Social Services, Ramat Polytechnic MaiduguriABSTRACTThis study examines the relationship between teachers, job satisfaction and performance in selectedBorno State Secondary Schools. The study used a total of 180 as respondents of the three secondaryschools. The research study was set to determine the relationship between promotion and teachers’ jobperformance, pay and teacher’s job performance, teacher’s job satisfaction and job performance inBorno State secondary schools. A questionnaire on teacher job satisfaction was developed in theresearch while postgraduate teaching practice assessment form from University of Maiduguri andKashim Ibrahim College of Education was adopted and used in assessing and scoring live lecturingexercise of the samples as performance indicator. Descriptive statistic was used in analyzing the datausing simple frequency distribution and percentages. It was therefore, recommended that based on theabove result, teachers should be promoted and pay with high lucrative salary by Borno Stategovernment in order to maintain the tempo, and to build up on the present performance so as to live tothe expectation of the government and public which has fall short of expectation.KEYWORDS: Effects; Relationship; Teachers’; Job satisfaction; performance; Assessment.INTRODUCTIONThe teacher is a worker whose job satisfaction study is inevitable due to his enormous role in Nation building,so as to make him comfortable and stay on the job. The study of teacher’s job satisfaction and job performancein teaching and learning has become imperative to Administrators Academicians school head and governmentso as to motivate teachers to be productive or perform effectively.The principal concern of this study is to scrutinize the amicability between teacher’s job satisfaction and jobperformance in Borno State secondary Schools. Borno State has taken education as a matter of priority in itsyearly budgetary statement in spite the said government priority measures researchers and teaching serviceBoard have identified among other problems bedeviling education and teachers in the state, includes,fluctuation in cross net pay of staff salaries; teachers were not promptly promoted; salaries were not adjustedeven after acquiring additional qualification; inability of government to pay the agreed 25% federal governmentincrement, teachers condition of service was going from bad to worse, teachers’ salaries were not paid on timefor reason only known to government’ the schools remained with insufficient teachers and recently said (1000)one thousands teachers recruited were not permitted to assume duty since January 2010 to the time of compilingthis report, influx of ungratified teachers into the system and partially recruited part time teachers were alsocompliant of not paying as agreed (BSTSB; Handbook, 2010). The study revealed that there has been a highturnover of teachers in most secondary school in Borno State that resulted to poor performance of students in therecent year examinations. The situations suggest that teachers might not be satisfied with their jobs thusaffecting their performance. Besides, studies on the relationship between job satisfaction and workersperformance have not been conclusive. Against this backdrop, this study examined the level of teachers’ jobsatisfaction in Borno State and determines the relationship between teachers’ job satisfaction and performance.Therefore, the indices of job satisfaction like pay and promotion will be related with the indices under jobperformance like quality of teacher’s instructions, uses of teaching techniques in teaching and punctuality etc.OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY(1)
 
To determine the relationship between promotion, pay, and teachers job performance.(2)
 
To determine the relation between teachers job satisfaction and job performance.
 
29
Alimi Baba Gana
et al
.,: Continental J. Education Research 4 (1): 28 - 34, 2011HYPOTHESIS(i)
 
There exists a significant relationship between promotion and teachers job performance, pay andteachers job performance as well as teachers job satisfaction and job performance.METHODOLOGYRESEARCH DESIGN:The survey research design method was used in this study. It involves using a self-designed questionnaire andopen-ended option in collecting data from the respondents. This method was chosen in order to make referenceto phenomena as they exist in real life and it is relatively economical in terms of time and resources.INSTRUMENTS OF DATA COLLECTIONBoth primary and secondary sources of data collection were used to obtain information. These involved series of consultation of related documents and records. Other devices used in this study were questionnaire of variousform. The questionnaire used comprises of two (2) sections: “A” and “B”. section “A” seeking for demographicdata of the respondents and section “B” sought to elicit information on relationship between promotion andworkers or teachers’ performance, pay and teacher’s performance. Job satisfaction and teacher’s performance inthe three Borno state selected secondary schools such as GCM, GGCM and GSS Gubio respectively.PROCEDURE OF DATA COLLECTIONThe respondents were given the questionnaire at their respective schools. Instruction on how to fill thequestionnaire was also thoroughly shown. And confidential treatment of their information was assured.With regard to the scoring of responses, the first section of the questionnaire needs no scoring, since theinformation required only bio-data of the respondents. The second section was done using simple pattern of scoring opinion but technically equal as yes and no package. The first cell of the tables represent Yes while thesecond cell represents No opinion.SAMPLES AND SAMPLING STRATEGIESThe study is undertaken at three (3) selected secondary schools in Borno State. These are Government CollegeMaiduguri, Government Girl’s College Maiduguri and government Secondary School Gubio respectively. Thepopulation of this study comprises only academic staffs including senior and junior drawn from the threesecondary schools under study. A purposive sampling was employed to this study in order to make adequaterepresentation of the study population.The study population is one hundred and eighty (180) and the same figure used in the study withoutdiscrimination with regards to sex and age.METHODS OF DATA ANALYSISThe data collected from the field were analyzed based upon the research hypothesis and objectives of the studyadopted.A statistical technique of simple frequency distribution and percentages was used to comprehend and analyzethe data to differentiate respondent responses and tactically test the hypothesis of the study.RESULTS AND HYPOTHESIS TESTING:This section deals extensively with the statistical testing of the hypothesis formulated for this study with three(3) strong consistent and related question advances to support the hypothesis and interpreting the outcome orresults using the said statistical package adopted.HYPOTHESIS: The hypothesis states that there exists a significant relationship between promotions andteachers job performance, pay and teachers’ performance as well as teachers’ job satisfaction and jobperformance. In order to test the hypothesis, three (3) strong related questions were advanced to represent thehypothesis with the aid of tables.
 
30
Alimi Baba Gana
et al
.,: Continental J. Education Research 4 (1): 28 - 34, 2011Table1: Do you agree that prompt teachers’ promotion enhances job performance.S/N Variables Sources of informationGovt. CollegeMaiduguriGovt. Girl CollegeMaiduguriGovt. SecondarySchool GubioFreq- Per% Freq- Per% Freq- Per%1.2.PromotionJob PerformanceTotal52187074.2925.7110038226063.3336.671004010508020100Source: Field Work, 2010Table one indicates that majority from both schools made up of 74.29% from Government College Maiduguriand 63.33% also from Government Girl College Maiduguri Vis-à-vis government secondary school Gubio with80% respectfully were of similar or equal view prompt and timely teachers promotion establish high jobperformance. Therefore, three of the school teachers support the hypothesis of the study.Table 2: Do you agree that prompt and lucrative pay enhances job performance.S/N Variables Sources of informationGovt. CollegeMaiduguriGovt. Girl CollegeMaiduguriGovt. SecondarySchool GubioFreq- Per% Freq- Per% Freq- Per%1.2.PayJob performanceTotal62 88.5708 11.4370 10054 9006 1060 10041 8209 1850 100Source: Field Work, 2010.The table two drawn a conclusion with vast majority opinion ranging from 88.57, to 90% down to 82%respectively were of the believe that prompt and lucrative payment could lead to teachers job performance inthree of the secondary school understudy. Therefore the teachers, from either school vehemently upheld theposition of the study hypothesis without much debate hence the majority option proof.Table 3: Do you agree that teacher’s job satisfaction enhances job performance.S/N Variables Sourceof informationGovt. CollegeMaiduguriGovt. Girl CollegeMaiduguriGovt. SecondarySchool GubioFreq- Per% Freq- Per% Freq- Per%1.2.Teachers jobJob PerformanceTotal58 82.8618 25.7170 10038 63.3322 36.6760 10040 8010 2050 100Source: Field Work, 2010The result of the table three shows that the teachers of Government College Maiduguri who are 58 in numberwith 82.86% and teachers of Government Girl’s College Maiduguri who are 49 in number with 81.67% via-a-vis the teacher of the Government Secondary School Gubio were all agreed that teacher’s job satisfaction lead to job high performance. Therefore, the three of the Borno State Secondary Schools upheld the study hypothesisand believe that there is inherent relationship.DISCUSSION AND EMPIRICAL STUDIESThe hypothesis, which states that there exists a relationship between promotion and teachers job performance,pay and teachers job performance as well as job satisfaction and teachers job performance in Borno stateselected secondary school were accepted. This shows that prompt promotion and lucrative salaries given forteacher’s couple with ability by management to satisfy its teachers has a significant influence on teachers’performance and it seems to be general assumption that employees who are happy with their job should also bemore productive at work. (Alimi 2002)Nathan (2008), reported that from thousands of employees in a cross section of jobs-blue collar and white collar,prove that although job satisfaction and job performance do correlate, one does not cause the other. Evenresearchers according to him get confused of how the two things connect. To him, satisfaction and performanceare related because each is the result of employee personality. By personality, Bowling pointed to suchcharacteristic as self-esteem, emotional stability, extroversion and conscientiousness. Studies showed that

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