Continental J. Education Research 4 (2): 11 - 21, 2011 ISSN: 2141 - 4181© Wilolud Journals, 2011http://www.wiloludjournal.com ` Printed in NigeriaTHE EFFECTS OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON WOMEN IN KASHIM IBRAHIM COLLEGE OFEDUCATION, (KICOE), MAIDUGURI, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Alimi Baba Gana and
Department of Social Services (Social Works), Ramat Polytechnic, Maiduguri, Borno State,
Department of Sociology, Bukar Abba Ibrahim University, Damaturu, Yobe State NigeriaABSTRACTThe global gender discrimination against women in public and private organisations today dominatedthe world affairs, raises alarm, attracts the attention of sociologists, managers and head of institutionson how to confront the phenomenon is the concern of this study. A descriptive research method andfield survey were employed to this study using a sample size of sixty-six (66) respondents as studypopulation out of which thirty-three (33 (questionnaires each were allocated for both male and femalelecturer. A statistical method of simple frequency distribution and percentages were used tocomprehend the work. The findings of the study revealed that there was no or little genderdiscrimination against women in area of recruitment and in administrative interactions within theKashim Ibrahim College of Education, Maiduguri. In an attempt to address the problem, theresearchers proposed some recommendations in order to reverse the situation.KEYWORDS: EFFECTS, GENDER, DISCRIMINATION, WOMENINTRODUCTIONWomen all over the world are often seen and regarded as second class citizens, lesser half of the men,machinery for producing children, mothers cum slaves, object of sexual satisfaction (Alimi 2008). Genderdiscrimination shows its face through varied expression. There are varying patterns of gender discrimination;these patterns cannot be attributed to natural variations: they are man-made structures with important self-perpetuating properties and as such, cannot be considered a necessary feature of the society, since no humancommunity is completely homogenous even in the simplest agrarian and primitive society. These are groupswhich tend to institutionalise gender inequality; this is seen in gender, class and status of our society. Otherscholars attributed gender inequality to the nature, but forgotten that duties and responsibilities of either sex areclearly spelt out without bias, particularly in the Islamic perspective. Similarly, Ogedengbe (1986) describedwomen best for the kitchen only. On the other hand, Perry (1985) described women as those who are mentally,physically, socially, politically and economically inferior to their male counterpart.Discrimination pervades every facet of our life. Everyone seems to be aware of it but ironically, it is itself discrimination against one’s self in that no one seems ready to address it properly, we at best pay lip services toit. For instance, the Constitution of every country across the globe granted a clause against discrimination. (Jaja,
1998)Discrimination is already a popular subject that attracts the attention and interest of many people in the society,probably because it is being used negatively. According to Peil (1972) discrimination is an intolerant, unfair,irrational and unfavourable towards one another on grounds of sex, birth, market orientation, circumstances andsituations among others. Best (2006) thinks discrimination is synonymous with distinction, differentiation,percentage critique and related to phrase like “to separate the chaff from the wheat”.Gender discrimination and all gender issues have become areas of national concern in the past years, because of the need to redress social and gender inequalities. Since the Fourth Beijing World Conference on Women in1995, the government and people of Nigeria have renewed their efforts to advance the rights of women and howto protect them from all forms of discrimination and to help them achieve equality in all aspects of life in theirsocieties (Federal Ministry of Women Affairs Manual, 2009).