(ii)Extrospection : Observation may be made objective by looking out wards upon theexternal expressions of mind of other people / animals. This method helps in inferring themental processes of other people / animals from observation of their outward looks, gesture.
2.Experimental Method :
The experimental method of psychology teaches us to define,the real problem, relate it to known principles vary certain aspects in the conditions whileholding others constant, make hypotheses, collect and analyze data, and verify other hypotheses. The experimental method requires the we conduct experiments in ways that allowfor repetitions and for control. It requires that we under stand the variables involved.
In the Laboratory it is relatively easy to design experiments so that they can be repeated.Some experiments can also be designed in industries easily and can be repeated. However, mayindustrial problems are so complex that repetition under exactly similar conditions often is not possible. This, of course does not mean that experimental methods should not be applied to theindustrial problems. It does mean that Industrial psychologists have to be aware of thelimitations.However, we may say that psychology is concerned with mind as well as its expressionin behaviour. It must combine all methods, together to get a fuller picture of the behaviour under study so that effective prediction, as far, as possible may be made. It must, there fore,combine introspection with objective observations and be supported by experimental methodwhere ever possible.
BRANCHES OF PSYCHOLOGY
Psychology has many branches now. Some major areas are :-1.
: Mainly deals with development of mental concept of human beings with emphasis of the changes that take place during different periods in the life span.2.
:Mainly deals with the relation between mind and body chemicals and their effects on human behaviour.3.
Abnormal / Clinical Psychology
:Mainly concerned with the individual, and primarily in helping him become more adequately adjusted to his environment.