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Chapter 20 Carboxylics

Chapter 20 Carboxylics

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Published by: sickly_annoyed on Feb 26, 2009
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09/26/2010

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Chapter 20: CarboxylicAcids and Nitriles
Based on McMurry’s
Organic Chemistry 
, 6
th
 edition
 
2
The Importance of Carboxylic Acids(RCO
2
H)
Starting materials for 
acyl derivatives
(esters, amides,and acid chlorides)
Abundant in nature from oxidation of aldehydes andalcohols in metabolism
Acetic acid, CH
3
CO
2
H, - vinegar 
Butanoic acid, CH
3
CH
2
CH
2
CO
2
H (rancid butter)
Long-chain aliphatic acids from the breakdown of fats
 
3
20.1 Naming Carboxylic Acids and Nitriles
Carboxylic Acids, RCO
2
H
If derived from open-chain alkanes, replace theterminal -e of the alkane name with -oic acid
The carboxyl carbon atom is C1

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