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OBL - Guardian Protective Cover Impact Testing 4-5-2012

OBL - Guardian Protective Cover Impact Testing 4-5-2012

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Published by Darren Adam Heitner
Graphical data and analysis of representative impacts that occurred during
testing of Guardian Caps from tri-axial accelerometer.
Graphical data and analysis of representative impacts that occurred during
testing of Guardian Caps from tri-axial accelerometer.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Darren Adam Heitner on Mar 03, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/03/2013

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All data is calculated via laboratory experiments. It is not to be construed or extrapolated data for field use. It is recommended that all products be field-tested.
Page 1
Summary of Guardian Protective Cover Impact TestingApril 5, 2011
Attached is the graphical data and analysis of representative impacts that occurred duringtesting from our tri-axial accelerometer. We used the DTS Data Acquisition Sensors formeasuring the impact on the human head. This is the same device used by all majorhelmet companies for measuring Severity Index and Head Injury Criteria from suddenimpacts on athletic and military helmets. From the graphical data it shows that theGuardian decreases the sudden G force and attenuation on the brain. The measured andcalculated data makes it apparent that adding the Guardian to the outer surface of thehelmet improves the Head Injury Criteria significantly.We are not suggesting that the Guardian will prevent concussions, but it appears to reducethe impact that the brain may see on multiple hits. The blue line represents the helmettested without any additional padding. This would represent the baseline performancewithout the Guardian. The red lines represent the previous Guardian prototype, with thehalo logo, and the yellow line represents the current Guardian design with the wing logo.My readings show that there were momentary spikes lower when the Guardian is attached,and overall less duration. This is shown in the graph as a brief spike at the peak of thecurve. This series of testing demonstrates that the Guardian reduces the calculated HeadInjury Criteria that results in brain injury.This is a brief summary of the testing. Please don
’ 
t hesitate to call if you have any furtherquestions, request further details, or would like more testing.Justin GreeleyInstrumentation EngineerOregon Ballistic Laboratories, LLC
Front Side BackHelmetAloneHelmetwithGuardianHelmetAloneHelmetwithGuardianHelmetAloneHelmetwithGuardianMax Acceleration(G
s)
70.49 38.03 28.7 27.44 43.27 33.34
Head Injury Criteria(HIC)
44.7 31 9.9 6.6 6.8 5.1
PercentImprovement
31% 33% 25%
 
All data is calculated via laboratory experiments. It is not to be construed or extrapolated data for field use. It is recommended that all products be field-tested.
Page 2
The Science Behind Measuring Head Injury Criterion
Acceleration Based Head Injury Criterion (HIC(g))
Although the mechanism for brain axonal injury is internal shear and tensile forces, oftenproduced by high angular or rotational accelerations, such accelerations would be verydifficult to measure and interpret. However skull fractures are usually only produced bytranslational accelerations, therefore translational accelerations have been proposed for thebasis of an injury criterion. The severity or level of brain injury or skull fracture is acombination of both the acceleration level and the duration of that acceleration. Highaccelerations can be tolerated for very short durations (200g for 2 msec) while loweraccelerations for longer durations (80g for 200 msec) cannot. Results from biomechanicaltests have produced tolerance curves where the onset of brain injury / skull fracture isdefined by acceleration plotted against loading duration. The equation best fitting thetolerance curve is acceleration to the power 2.5 multiplied by the time. In order to predictthe onset of brain damage from the complex acceleration curve for the head, the HeadInjury Criterion was produced, requiring computer analysis for calculation.
Head Injury Criterion Equation With Abbreviations
 
Where t1 and t2 are the initial and final times (expressed in seconds) of the interval duringwhich the HIC attains a maximum value and a(t) is the resultant acceleration (expressed inG) measured at the head CG.The time duration (t1-t2) used in the calculation should be taken as the contact time for theimpact, however, this is often very difficult to ascertain in physical evaluations using crashtest dummies or headform simulators. In using HIC for assessing the potential of concussionthen a maximum time duration of 15 msec should be used, which was the maximum timeduration for which the original tolerance curve was developed. Longer contact timedurations can be used to predict skull fracture.The highest acceleration, independent of location or direction, should be used in the HeadInjury Criterion, which will therefore be the resultant acceleration measured at the headscentre of gravity.
Application
The Head Injury Criterion (HIC) should be used for all impacts to the head, independent of impact type or location as it is the best predictor of brain concussion. Due to difficulties inassessing exactly the location and acceleration direction, it is proposed to use the sametolerance levels for any direction of impact.
 
All data is calculated via laboratory experiments. It is not to be construed or extrapolated data for field use. It is recommended that all products be field-tested.
Page 3
01020304050607080-0.01 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.1
   A   c   c   e    l   e   a   t   i   o   n    (   G    '   s    )
Time (seconds)
Helmet Front ImpactAcceleration vs Time
Helmet Old Gaurdian New Guardian
 

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