banned for reconfiguration for some interval of time. In this situation the MT can increase the databy using spectrum holes in available network.
2.4 Cooperative network management
In cognitive CHN all the networks indirectly affecteach other due to the cognitive users. The overallnetwork management in CHN environment willdepend upon mutual cooperation. The cooperationbetween different wireless networks can beachieved by the cognitive processes
The cognitiveprocesses give the awareness about the network condition through experience and observation andstored in local repositories of CNE. To utilize thisinformation a Cooperative Network Management(CNM) frame work is required. Some of theefforts have been carried out to give a generalizedCNM architecture for Radio ResourceManagement (RRM) in CHN .
2.4 An intelligent billing policy
Billing in CHN can be divided into two parts.
Primary user billing
To prevent the mobile subscriber from sessiondisconnection, it is important to inform the MTabout zero balance condition and give someamount of time to switch over to 2
best availablenetwork. If mobile subscriber doesn’t have enoughbilling account to continue as a primary user of any other licensed network then call will bedropped. Billing information of all subscribednetworks will also be stored in the local repositoryand MT should update it after end of eachcalling/internet session.
2.5.2 Secondary user billing
To preserve the main advantage of opportunisticDSA the billing charge for secondary should bevery low and secondary user should charged if itaffects the performance of primary users. Thenetwork will informs the secondary user to releasethe spectrum hole via common channel or viasome centralized controlling entity. In  anauction based local billing policy is discussedwhich can be used for secondary user billing.
3. Future Network Architecture
presents typical cognitive CHNenvironment in which MTs are connected to theirprimery network but also using spectral hole inother networks to increase data rate. The MTs canalso communicate directly if they can transmit andreceive directly.The Cognitive Basic Service Set(Cog-BSS) is an independent entity. It performsthe critical role to make sure that the secondaryusers do not affect the performance of primaryusers.
Cognitive CHN environment
3.1 Mobile Terminal
To make the network side simpler and to preventthe network side form large scale, it is important tomake MT more flexible and powerful inprocessing. The MT should be ReconfigurableMobile Station having the capability to sense andselect the most appropriate, by reconfiguring thePHY-layer and tuning the parameters of all upperlayers in protocol stack . Based on the work
byB.S. Manoj et al 
. The architecture of MT isshown in
is using the distributed cognitivemodule approach presented in
. Each layer hasits own cognitive module; all are inter connectedvia cross layer bus. The cognitive modules storethe
information in the allocatedmemory space of repository. The Logic Analyzer can request the required information from localrepository.