C Ô T E D ’ I V O I R E U P D A T E
“More progress has been made within eight months to-wards normalizing the situation in Côte d’Ivoire than infour years,” His Excellency President Laurent Gbagbo hasdeclared.
His words were underscoredby the place in which he spokethem late last year: the north-ern town of Korhogo, the ﬁrstpopulation center seized by rebel soldiers in 2002.In a clear sign of the momen-tum achieved by Côte d’Ivoire’sindigenous peace process, Pres-ident Gbagbo was on a historic visit to towns in the northernpart of the country, which lessthan one year ago were underrebel control. He said his pur-pose was to demonstrate thephysical reuniﬁcation of Côted’Ivoire – the key condition forholding free and fair elections.“I am here for peace, for allIvorians to see that one can leave Abidjan for Korhogo in acar, plane or train and calmly return,” President Gbagbo said.e new spirit of reconciliation which is sweeping the coun-try was reﬂected in the fact that he was warmly embraced inthese former rebel strongholds, not only by leaders of the re-bellion, but also by cheering crowds of ordinary people. emessage he repeated at every stop of his visit was one that his very presence in these towns conﬁrmed: “e war is over.”
President Gbagbo spoke of the progress made since Janu-ary 2007, when he reached out directly to former rebel leaderand now Prime Minister Guillaume Soro and put the coun-try on a steady course towards a durable peace. Two monthslater, in March 2007, the two leaders signed the Ouagadou-gou Political Accord, bringing about an end to the conﬂictand setting the stage for renuniﬁcation. “One cannot say thatnothing has been done. One can say that we are impatient;therefore are moving faster,” the President asserted.Since the implementation of the accord, the “zone of con-ﬁdence,” a buﬀer zone dividing the north and south andpoliced by French Licorne forces and United Nations peace-keeping troops, has been eliminated, a major step in the re-uniﬁcation process. Government militias have also started todisarm and a general amnesty has been adopted.As part of the accord, Ivorian leaders agreed to create anew unity government and to hold parliamentary and presi-dential elections. e supplemental agreement to the accorddetails plans to demobilize militias and rebel armed forma-tions, and to reintegrate them into society and into a singlenational military.
A WHITAKER GROUP PUBLICATIONSPRING 2008
is process will be overseen by the Integrated CommandCenter comprising government and former rebel command-ers, which has been functioning eﬀectively since the imple-mentation of the Ouagadougou process began last spring.e Ouagadougou Accord also calls for a massive recruit-ment drive into the national civil service. In addition, an18-month program has been planned to provide vocationaltraining for some 40,000 former combatants on both sides.ese initiatives are aimed at ensuring alternative liveli-hoods for combatants and removing incentives for formercombatants to resort to banditry. President Gbagbo andPrime Minister Soro have also agreed that the national gov-ernment’s civil service will resume operations in the formerrebel-held north in 2008.
An important signal of support for the implementationof the Ouagadougou Accord has also come from the UnitedStates, in the form of a visit by Deputy Secretary of State JohnNegroponte, the most senior US oﬃcial to visit Côte d’Ivoirein ﬁve years.Mr. Negroponte said the purpose of his trip was “to showour strong support for the Ouagadougou peace process. We very much want to see elections take place in this country.We are supportive of that and we also are supportive of theeﬀorts at disarmament and demobilization.”
His Excellency President Laurent Gbagbo greets well-wishers in the North
See PEACE over
PROMISING FUTURE FORBILATERAL RELATIONS
President Bush welcomed Ambassador Charles Y. Koﬃ,Côte d’Ivoire’s new envoy to the United States at a meetingin January when Ambassador Koﬃ presented his creden-tials to Mr. Bush.
While he was visiting Côte d’Ivoire in November, Deputy Secretary of State John Negroponte expressed the hope thatthe United States and Côte d’Ivoire could “fully realize thepotential of our bilateral relationships.”“Once [implementation of the Ouagadougou Accord]has been accomplished, I would think that the conditions of peace themselves will commit the people and the Govern-ment of Côte d’Ivoire to improve their economic plans,” Mr.Negroponte said. “Conditions for trade and investment willimprove, and I thinkthat if the terms of the...Agreement are ful-ﬁlled and democraticelections take place inthe near future, thatwill also create...theconditions for evenmore extensive col-laboration betweenthe United States andCôte d’Ivoire.”
President George Bush with Ambassador Charles Y. Koﬃ