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Math 7370-Lecture 19

# Math 7370-Lecture 19

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Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.
Notes from lecture. Cornell University, Spring 2013.

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03/04/2013

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Sean LiMath 7370 Notes
Spring 2013Algebraic Number TheoryLecture 19
3/4/13Want to show there is a one-to-one correspondence between prime ideals of
A
not touching
and prime ideals of
1
A
.
Corollary 2 (proved last lecture).
If
1
,
2
are prime ideals of
B
such that
1
2
suchthat
1
A
=
2
A
=
implies
1
=
2
.
Corollary 3.
Given any prime ideal
of
A
, there exists a prime ideal
of
B
such that
A
=
.
Proof.
Diagram:
AA℘BB℘gϕ
1
ϕ
2
Let
m
be a maximal ideal of
B
, then
g
1
(
m
) is a prime ideal of
A℘
. But it is maximalby the proposition that
g
1
(
m
) contains
ϕ
1
(
). But
g
1
(
m
) is the ideal of
A
generated by
ϕ
1
(
). so the pullback of
m
to
A
via
g
ϕ
1
is
. If
ϕ
12
(
m
) =
, then
A
=
.
This has shown dim
A
= dim
B
if the last step is guaranteed to preserve the inclusionrelation.
Recap.
ZQ
R
(1) How are prime ideals of
R
related to those in
Z
? Used localization and integral depen-