Practical 1 -Study of boiler mountings and accessoriesBOILER:
A boiler is used to generate steam at a desired pressure and temperature bytransferring heat produced by burning fuel to water to change it to steam.It is a term applied to that device which generates steam at minimum pressure of 3.5bar having minimum capacity of 22.75 litres.
FIRE TUBE BOILER:
In fire tube boiler, hot gases pass through the tubes and water surrounds them. Heatfrom the gases (produced by combustion) is transferred to water, which is thenconverted to steam.
WATER TUBE BOILER:
In water tube boiler, water flows inside the tubes and the hot gases flow outside thetubes
Water tube boilerFire tube boiler
When water is contained inside thetubes (called water tube) which aresurrounded by flames and hot gasesfrom outside, then the boilers arenamed as water tube boilers.
When the flames and hot gases,produced by combustion of fuel, passthrough the tubes (called multitubes)which are surrounded by water, then theboilers are named as fire tube boilers
They are safe, quick steaming,flexible in construction and operation.2.
They have advantage of low cost andcompact design.3. These boilers are extensively usedbecause they can be built for highpressure and large evaporative capacities.3.
They are used where steam pressuredoes not exceed about 10 bar and wheremoderate quantity of steam is required.
Example of water tube boilers are-Babcock and Wilcox boiler, stirling
boiler,Lamont boiler, Benson Boiler, loeffler boiler
Examples of fire tube boilers are simplevertical boiler, Lanchashire boiler, Cocharnboiler, Locomotive boiler.
Boiler mountings and accessories:
Boilers are equipped with two categories of components: boiler mountings andboiler accessories.
are the machine components that are mounted over thebody of the boiler itself for the safety of the boiler and for complete control of theprocess of steam generation. Various boiler mountings are as under:
Steam stop valve
Feed check valve
Blow off cock
Man and mud holes.