Contrast between intensities
They also contrast loud and soft parts, using differents number of instrumentsbetween the sections, as an example we have the
that contrasts areduced group of instruments with the orquestra.
Contrast between timbres
Composers contrast parts between the string section and the woodwind section, orcontrast instrumental parts with vocal parts.
The contrast between small group ofinstruments and the orquestra is what we call the concertato style
b) Accompanied melody and basso continuo.
Since the end of the XVI century, the expression of feelings was considered as theprimary goal of music and poetry. This involved a research for new ways to compose thatcould give to music more expressivity: this is how accompanied melody arises, based inthe supremacy of the upper
voice. This supposes the birth of a new texture:
. In the previous era (Renaissance), the method used waspoliphony.The main melody will be accompanied by the basso continuo.The basso continuo is the accompaniament method of the Baroque music, and is a line oflow notes during all the composition. The interpretation was in charge of a low instrument(cello, bassoon
...) and a polyphonic instrument (lute, guitar, harpsichord, organ ...) thatimprovised the chords of the acompaniament.
The style is based on the contrast between two different groups of instruments. Thatis a soloist and and orchestra, or a little group against a bigger group of instruments. Thisprinciple of contrasting two groups promoted the aparition of a new musical form: theconcerto.We also have a number of other common features throughout the Baroque period:
d) The melody:
the baroque melodies are often long and flowing, searching the virtuosityof the soloist, and they are usually very ornamented.
e) The rhythm:
it appears a kind of rhythm very clear with a very regular pulse. Amechanical rhythm with repetitive patterns
. At the same time is also used a free rhythmfor the declamation of the text in the recitatives of the operas.
f) The orchestra arises
as a group of instruments or sections organized by families, in which the string section (violin, viola, cello and bass) will become the basis of theorchestra. Other instruments will be added: flutes , oboes, bassoon, occasionally trumpets,
5 Upper: superior6 Accompanied melody: melodia acompanyada7 Basson: fagot8 Pattern: patró