“If I have been able to see farther than others, it was because I stood on the shoulders of giants.”
Sir Isaac Newton
Paleolithic Era30,000 - 10,000 BCENeolithic Era10,000 - 3,500 BCEThe distinguishing characteristic of this agebetween 8000-5000 BCE is the start of production, farming and animal husbandry. Manin this age, left the caves and began to live instone and mud-brick dwellings. The mostimportant finds related to the Neolithic Age in Anatolia are in
6,500 - 5000 BCEChalcolithic Age5,000 - 3,000 BCEMan started to make
of baked clay and to decorate theceramics. This is understood from the excavation finds insettlement centers such as Hacilar, Can Hasan, Yumuktepe,Gozlukule, Beycesultan, Alisar, Alacahoyuk. Relations withMesopotamia developed by way of the rivers Tigris andEuphratesEarly Bronze Age3,000 - 2,000 BCEThe most important finds of this period are in Troy and Alacahoyuk. During this era when the pottery wheel was put intouse, the Anatolian man learned to make statuettes of baked clay,marble, alabaster, bronze and gold with both religious anddecorative purposes.Middle Bronze Age 2,000 - 1,700 BCEThe trade relations with various Mesopotamian states andespecially with Assyria, caused cultural and artistic interactionand as the result of this interaction an Anatolian style withcharacteristics of its own was created. The political power dominating this age was the Hittite Empire. The typicalcharacteristics of the age can be understood from the excavationfinds in Bogazkoy-Hattusa in Central Anatolia, and the ceramicsfound in Troy, Western Anatolia prove the relations with theMycenaean civilization. Anatolia (Greek for east, or more literally, Land of the Sunrise), also called by the Latin name of
Asia Minor, is a region of continental Asia which corresponds today to the Asian portion of Turkey.