BASIC HYDRAULICS AND HYDRAULIC PLUMBINGSubcourse Number AL0907EDITION A
US Army Aviation Logistics SchoolFort Eustis, Virginia 23604-54394 Credit HoursEdition Date: August 1994SUBCOURSE OVERVIEWWe designed this subcourse to provide instruction on the science ofhydraulics, an explanation of hydraulic principles, and a study ofthe fluids used in aircraft hydraulic systems. You will also beintroduced to the fundamentals of hydraulic plumbing, techniques offabricating tubes and hoses, principles of installing these lines,and use of seals and gaskets to control leakage in plumbing systems.The time was early in the 1920s. From a grassy field on one of theaerodromes of that era, a young pilot of the Army Air Corps waspreparing to take up a recently developed aircraft. He had beenanxious to test-fly this model because it had the first retractablelanding gear. He recalled the biplanes of World War I from which thelanding gear jutted like the legs of a chicken. Now, if the gearcould be retracted out of the airstream, power could be saved andgreater speeds attained.After becoming airborne, the pilot reached down for the retractionhandle and started cranking. It was a fatiguing and sluggishprocess, but sure enough the gear came up.Today, huge jets are scarcely airborne before landing gear weighingthousands of pounds is retracted by the mere push of a button and thehydraulic system is activated, effortlessly tucking these assembliesinto the fuselage.This text deals with the aircraft hydraulic system. Hydraulics havedone more than replace the hand crank for landing gear retraction ofthe post-World War I aircraft. It has, in essence, made modern dayaviation possible.