PREACHING AND ADMINISITRATIONW
hen any branch of knowledge is taken into consideration, two things, because of their significance, immediately become important. The first one is theoretical knowledge, which we possessabout that particular branch of knowledge and in its final stage practical demonstration and implementationof that branch of knowledge is observed. In other words, knowledge is the name given to the combinationof theory and practice. Like any other branch of knowledge, the spiritual sciences, too, are no exception tothis rule, that is, after learning and Rules, Laws, Principle and Formulae Theoretically; they are tested,analyzed and examined practically. There are two possible ways of learning and acquiring knowledge. Onemethod is to learn the theory first and then to use the learnt formulae, principles and laws practically. Theother method is to start learning through practical experiments directly.
There is a person who learns carpentry under the guidance and supervision of a teacher andmakes a chair successfully. There is another person who first acquaints himself with the preliminary andelementary principles of carpentry by studying books and other materials and then attempts to make achair. Now this person might not be able to know, which wood of a particular tree would be most suitablefor making various items of furniture, whether the wood, he intends to use, is seasoned enough or not?What is the ratio of water in that wood? What is the pattern of tissues and fibers in that wood? How heavyis a cubic foot of a particular wood, how much shine will be there if that wood is polished, if it is paintedwhat would be its final shape? How long would it last, how much would be its average age, whether termites would eat it or not?Many a things like these are automatically known by the one who starts learning directly throughexperiences and handling of tools and the wood practically. One who enjoys the fundamental knowledge of a particular field can be called an engineer but he might not be able to make a chair but the engineer hasits own importance. One form of the knowledge is to know something only theoretically and the other formis to know it through direct involvement in its practical use. In such a case one who has practicalexperience would very naturally be preferred to the one who has only theoretical knowledge of something. And, the third form of knowledge is when one has theoretical knowledge as well as knowledge of itspractical implementation.The universe created by the most exalted God is based and established upon an organized andsystematical scheme. To acquire and acquaint ourselves with the knowledge of the cosmos and itsstructure, in spiritualism, there are two ways. In the first instance, a spiritual master, by exercising hisspiritual influence enable his disciple to become a person with practical knowledge. But there is a flaw inthis method. If the attempted experience fails, goes wrong or the constructive aspect of the knowledgetakes a destructive turn then he finds himself in a helpless situation and is unable to rectify the wrong. Butsomeone who besides having practical knowledge has theoretical knowledge is not only capable of commanding control over any adverse situation but contributes and modifies new discoveries andinventions in that particular science.Gist of this whole discussion is that only that knowledge is reliable and authentic which is learnt gradually,stage by stage, just as one learns ABC and then the same is practically experienced and exercised. According to the teaching of Holy Prophet (PBUH) and the Holy Quran, spiritual science also has twodistinct sections of theory and practical. During the course of learning through practical experimentation,the teacher or mentor advises his disciple to recite something or suggests a particular exercise, the studentor the disciple to comply with the instructions of his teacher obediently starts practicing the suggestedexercise or what he is told to recite. As his pupil's learning ability and capacity increases to absorbknowledge, the teacher by exercising his spiritual influences makes him witness one or the other thing.That is, the spiritual mentor called '
conducts his spiritual influence which enables the disciple tobehold angels, start communicating with the soul or start peregrinating the gardens of paradise and if theprogress of the disciple is considered adequate enough he is made the cognizor of the Attributes of God. According to the other method the laws serving as foundation of a branch of knowledge and the formulaegoverning the cosmos are taught by the mentor. With the increasing understanding of laws and formulae of this remarkable body of knowledge the ability to enact and operate these formulae and laws is produced inthe disciple.