Dr Jose De Andrés, MD, PhDAssociate Professor of AnesthesiologyValencia University Medical SchoolChairman, Department of Anesthesiologyand Critical CareDirector of the Multidisciplinary PainManagement CenterValencia University General HospitalTres Cruces s/n, 46014-Valencia, SpainDr H B J Fischer, MBChB, FRCAConsultant AnaesthetistDepartment of AnaesthesiaAlexandra HospitalWoodrow Drive, RedditchWorcs B98 7UB, EnglandDr Giorgio Ivani, MDPediatric AnesthesiologistChairman, Division PediatricAnesthesia and ICU"Regina Margherita" Children's HospitalPiazza Polonia 94, 10126 Turin, ItalyDr Torben Mogensen, MD, PhDMedical Director, Hvidovre HospitalUniversity of CopenhagenDK-2650 Hvidovre, DenmarkDr Patrick Narchi, MDAnesthesia DepartmentCentre Clinical16800- Soyaux, FranceProfessor François J Singelyn, MD, PhDAssociate ProfessorDepartment of AnesthesiologyUniversité Catholique de Louvain Schoolof MedicineCliniques Universitaires St LucAvenue Hippocrate 10/18211200 Brussels, BelgiumDr Rudolf Stienstra, MD, PhDVice-chairmanDepartment of AnesthesiologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeiden, The NetherlandsProfessor Hinnerk Wulf, MDProfessor and Chairman, Lecturer inAnesthesiology and Intensive CareMedicineDepartment of Anesthesiology andIntensive Care MedicineUniversity HospitalD 35033 Marburg, Germany
Project chairman and co-ordinator:
Professor Narinder Rawal, MD, PhDDepartment of Anesthesiology and Intensive CareÖrebro University HospitalSE-701 85 Örebro, Sweden
The authors and the publishers have written the information relatingto the medications and their dosages with utmost care and inaccordance with the routines of the authors' clinical practice, whichmay not agree with the manufacturer's recommendations. Therefore,the prescriber is expected to read the dosage recommendations andcontraindications in the prescribing information for the drugs anduse them at their own discretion. Acknowledgements:
All rights reserved. This booklet is protected by copyright. No part of thiswork may be processed, translated, reproduced or distributed in any formwhatsoever (by photocopy, microfilm or any other technique) without thewritten consent of the publisher (AstraZeneca).The Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating Scale is from Hockenbury MJ,Wilson D, Winkelstein ML. Wong's Essentials of Paediatric Nursing, Ed 7,St Louis, 2005, p 1259. Copyright, Mosby. Used with permission fromElsevier.This booklet has been produced in consultation with the EuropeanSociety of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy (ESRA) with financialsupport from AstraZeneca, including financial support for editorialassistance from Evelyn Frearson BSc and for graphic design by LyntonCreative Communications Ltd.The publishers would like to thank Dag Selander, MD, PhD (Selmedic AB,Gothenburg, Sweden), for his contribution as medical consultantproviding editorial advice and revision during the production of thisbooklet.