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02c_Rivival Of Learning

02c_Rivival Of Learning

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Published by Anthony Valentin
It may be commonly accepted, though inaccurate, that Medieval Europe suffered from a lack of academic endeavors and innovation. On the contrary, there was significant progress in a variety of fields ranging from poetry to biology. From the earliest universities (some of which are now prestigious), come great thinkers in the guise of teachers. It’s their students who will lay the foundation for the creativity yet to come.
It may be commonly accepted, though inaccurate, that Medieval Europe suffered from a lack of academic endeavors and innovation. On the contrary, there was significant progress in a variety of fields ranging from poetry to biology. From the earliest universities (some of which are now prestigious), come great thinkers in the guise of teachers. It’s their students who will lay the foundation for the creativity yet to come.

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Anthony Valentin on Mar 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/12/2014

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02c_Ch14-Formation of Western Europe:
Revival of Learning
 
Timeline:
 11th - 13th C.
FS:
 It's not the university, its the student!
 
Main Idea:
 It may be commonly accepted, though inaccurate, that Medieval Europe suffered from a lack of academic endeavors and innovation. On the contrary, there was significant progress in a variety of fields ranging from poetry to biology. From the earliest universities (some of which are now prestigious), come great thinkers in the guise of teachers. It’s their students who will lay the foundation for the creativity yet to come.
 
CCSS
 
Classical 
 
(Europe & China)
 vs.
Medieval 
 
(Europe)
 vs.
Modern 
 
(Present Day- Western World)
 
I. Conditions Leading to a "Learning" Revival
 
A.
 
Powerful monarchs needed literate administrators to govern.
 
B. The destruction of monasteries by Viking raids reduced the Church's ability to educate its parishioners and clergy.
 
C. Wealthy (commercially successful) towns can afford to sponsor teachers.
 
D. Curiosity of other peoples and places (motivated by commercial contact) fueled literary growth.
 
1
E. Increasing wealth permits families to pay for the books and teachers.
 
II. The "University"
 
A.University: A "group" of experts, not a "building".
 
B.As early as the 12th C. universities appeared in
 
1. Paris, France.
 
2. Bologna, Italy.
 
3. Oxford, England.
 
C.Students
 
1. All male.
 
2. Predominantly middle-class (Burghers)
 
3. Books were scarce, expensive,
 
often copied and read verbatim out loud.
 
D.Classes often held in rooms or church space.
 
E.The Teachers and What They Taught.
 
1. Linking 'Faith' with ‘Reason’.
 
a.Thomas Aquinas- 13th C. (Now a saint in the Roman Catholic faith)
 
b.University of Paris
 
c.Dominican Friar
 
d.Summa Theologiae
 
2. The Limits of Papal and Royal Authority.
 
a.John of Paris (13th - 14th C.)
 
b.University of Paris
 
c.Dominican Friar
 
#
 The writings of John Mandeville and Marco Polo would be examples of this.
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