Conferinţa Anuală a SGR, Bucureşti, 4-5 Octombrie 2008
Attempt to climatic characterization of the actualmoment in relation with the cosmic cycles
, Constantin P.
, Ţicleanu N.
, Nicolescu R.
, Gheuca I.
1, 4, 5
Institutul Geologic al României, Str. Caransebeş 1, 012271 Bucureşti
ex - Institutul Geologic al României
Universitatea din Bucureşti, Bd. N. Bălcescu 1, Bucureşti
climatic cycles, metagalactic cycle, galactic year, subgalactic cycle, Valach cycle,precessional year.One main task of the geological sciences now is to characterize the actual moment in connec-tion with the phases of the cosmic (astronomical) dynamic and/or climatic cycles for a real understand-ing of the present time, especially from the climatic point of view.From the great number of proposed cycles in the scientific papers, only some can be retained asreliable. By the help of these cycles, a characterization of the actual moment, a prediction for the fu-ture and the asserting of a pulsatory geodynamic model become possible.The major cycles are very useful to the time structure in Archaean and Proterozoic. The mediumcycles can be used to structure the Phanerozoic, and the short cycles are useful for Quaternary time(possibly for Pliocene-Quaternary time).Starting from a certain moment, the geological research activities had almost continuously inview the periodical character of some phenomena of different types, and thus a lot of cycles had beenproposed, with various time periods from which, one can mention tectonic, orogenic, interorogenic,geostructural, sedimentation, thermal, climatic, magnetic, metamorphic cycles. Inevitably, other branches of the geosciences: astronomy, geophysics, geography (planetary geology) were implied inthe efforts for a better knowledge of these cycles.
An important part of this research had the absolutetime determination which had made possible the specification of the temporal content of all types of cycles through an accurate time position of the stratigraphic scales up to the stage level. Also, a greatcontribution had been given, especially in the last period of time, by the sequential analyses confirmedby the more and more performant classic geological analyses (Hilgen, 1991 – “astronomic cyclostrati-graphy”).Among the numerous authors concerned with the nature, causes and periods of these cyclesthere can be mentioned: M. Milankovici (1920, 1941), J. Joly (1925), V. V. Belousov (1949), M. F. Lun-gerhausen (1963), Anderson (1967), Choubert (1967, 1978), D. Raup and J. Sepkoski (1982), N. V.Ivanov and A. V. Makedonov (1984) and many others. Among the Romanian geologists who had theintuition of the great importance of the ciclicity of geologic phenomena are N. Lupei (1975), and M.Paucă (1981). Our interest in this field were materialized in the proposal of a new climatic cycle namedby us “The Valah Cycle” (nom. Nov. Prague, 1998) with a relative long period (4.1 My); by some spe-cifications concerning the temporal content of the longer cycles; by spotlighting a sudden increase of the precessional cycle (year) duration at the beginning of the Hengelo interstade (~39 ka BP), and thepossible cause of this phenomenon – the capture of the Moon (Ţicleanu et., 2008a), as well.From the great number of the proposed cycles in the field of the geological phenomenologythere must be retained only the ones for which can be clarified the possible causal periods thatgenerated them, and the obvious effects determined on the Earth crust on longer periods of time, aswell. In respect with these cycles and also in respect with these effects, a coherent perspective on thegeological time becomes possible, but also it is possible to imagine the future Earth evolution, for dif-ferent periods of time.
Also in respect with these real cycles, it might be possible to imagine a viablegeodynamic model, and an accurate characterization of the actual dynamic moment for our planet, aswell.For achieving this perspective only a few real cycles were retained after a thorough analysis of agreat number of cycles proposed by different authors or by us in the previous papers. The followingcycles were considered:
The Vail-Payton Megacycle